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TODDINGTON

[Transcribed and edited information from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868]

"TODDINGTON, a parish and ancient market town in the hundred of Manshead, county Bedford, 15 miles south of Bedford, and 7 north of the Dunstable railway station. This place was the scene of a battle between the Romans under Aulus Plautius and the Britons, in which the latter were defeated on Conger Hill. In the reign of Henry III. the manor, which was a free warren, was given to Sir Paulinus Peyvre, who rebuilt the ancient manor-house, and obtained for the inhabitants the privilege of a market. The manor-house, successively the residence of the Duke of Cleveland and of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Stafford, was visited by Queen Elizabeth and James I., and was the place of concealment of the Duke of Monmouth after the battle of Sedgmoor. The town is situated on an eminence. It had formerly an hospital and a market-house, but these have long since disappeared. The straw plait manufacture is carried on to some extent. The population in 1851 was 2,438, and in 1861, 2,433. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Ely, value 8830. The church, dedicated to St. George, is a Gothic structure, ornamented with grotesque sculptures of various animals. The interior contains monuments to the Cheney and Wentworth families; among them is one to Henrietta, Baroness Wentworth, who is said to have died of grief, a few months after the execution of James, Duke of Monmouth, to whom she bad been betrothed, and another to Lady Maria Wentworth. The Baptists, Wesleyans, and Primitive Methodists have chapels, and there are six almshouses: Market day, formerly on Thursday, was changed to Saturday in 1316. Fairs are held on 25th April, first Monday in June, 2nd November, and 6th December."

"CHALTON, a hamlet in the parish of Toddington, in the county of Bedford, 3 miles north of Dunstable."

"FANCOTT, a hamlet in the parish of Toddington, in the county of Bedford, 2 miles south east of Toddington."

"TYTHE, a small hamlet in the parish of Toddington, in the county of Bedford, 2½ miles east north east of Houghton Regis."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson 2003

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