Whaddon

(including the hamlet of Nash)

"The parish of Whaddon, independent of Nash, which formerly belonged to it, contains 2300 acres, and 493 inhabitants. Rateable value £2589. The soil is clayey, with sand; the surface varied and very unequal, rises into considerable elevations in some parts. The Village is situated 4 1/2 miles S. from Stony Stratford, 5 miles N. by E. from Winslow, and 4 miles N.W. from Bletchley Railway Station. The prospects from its vicinity are fine and interesting." [History and Topography of Buckinghamshire, by James Joseph Sheahan, 1862] "NASH HAMLET - The hamlet of Nash, which contains a small scattered Village, 1430 acres of land, and 462 inhabitants, is locally situated in the hundred of Cottesloe, 5 miles S. by W. from Stony Stratford, 2 1/2 miles S.E. from Thornton, and 1 mile W. from Whaddon. It was formerly a hamlet in Whaddon parish, but by an Order in Council bearing date 15th April, 1854, it was separated from that parish, and united to the adjoining parish of Thonton (for ecclesiastical purposes only), under the name of Thornton-cum-Nash. At the cross roads in the village is the base of an old stone cross, and a short distance from it is a Chalybeate Spring, called "Bretch Well." This water never freezes, and will thaw other water in an icy state: during the summer months it is remarkable for its coldness." [History and Topography of Buckinghamshire, by James Joseph Sheahan, 1862]

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Bibliography

The following reference sources have been used in the construction of this page, and may be referred to for further detail. Most if not all of these volumes are available in the Reference section of the County Library in Aylesbury.

"Buckinghamshire Contributions for Ireland 1642", Wilson J., 1983.
"Buckinghamshire Returns of the Census of Religious Worship 1851", Legg E. ed., 1991, ISBN 0 901198 27 7.
"History and Topography of Buckinghamshire", Sheahan, James Joseph, 1862
"Magna Britannia: Buckinghamshire", Lysons S. and Lysons D., 1806.
"The Place-Names of Buckinghamshire", Mawer A. and Stenton F.M., 1925.
"The Victoria History of the Counties of England: Buckinghamshire", Page W. ed., 1905-1928
"War Memorials and War Graves: North Central Bucks, Volume 4", Peter Quick.

 

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Cemeteries

The following Monumental Inscriptions are available as publications or as part of a Society library:

* = material held in a Society library is generally available for loan to all members either via post, or by collection at a meeting

 

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Census

In 1642 there were 79 people named in the tax returns for contributions for Ireland. Between them they were assessed at £7.6.4 of which sum Mr Francis Dodsworth contributed £1.10.0

In 1798 the Posse Comitatus listed the following numbers of men between the ages of 16 and 60: Whaddon - 118, Nash - 69.

In the earliest government census of 1801, there were the following population statistics recorded:

  • Whaddon - 545 inhabitants in 123 families living in 105 houses
  • Nash - 265 inhabitants in 64 families living in 58 houses
Census Year Population of
Whaddon township
Population of
Nash hamlet
Total
Population
1801* 545 265 810
1811* 548 263 811
1821* 525 375 900
1831* 512 377 889
1841 544 366 910
1851 548 439 987
1861 493 462 955
1871 476 460 936
1881 405 340 745
1891 398 306 704
1901 321 263 584

* = No names were recorded in census documents from 1801 to 1831.
** = Census documents from 1911 to 2001 are only available in summary form. Names are witheld under the 100 year rule.

Microfilm copies of all census enumerators' notebooks for 1841 to 1891 are held at the Local Studies Libraries at Aylesbury and Milton Keynes, as well as centrally at the PRO. A table of 19th century census headcount by parish is printed in the VCH of Bucks, Vol.2, pp 96-101.

Availability of census transcripts and indexes.

  • 1851 - Full transcripts and indexes for Buckinghamshire are available on CD-ROM, hard copy and microfiche from the Buckinghamshire Family History Society.
  • 1861 - Available on CD-ROM with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from the Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society.
  • 1881
    • Available on CD-ROM from the Church of the Latter Day Saints, as part of the National 1881 Census Index.
    • Available on CD-ROM for Buckinghamshire, with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from Drake Software.
  • 1891 - Available on CD-ROM with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from the Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society.

 

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Church History

Snellshall Priory

St Mary, Whaddon

Details of the stained glass in the church can be found on the following web sites (the site includes many photos):

 

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Church Records

The original copies of the parish registers have been deposited in the Buckinghamshire Record Office in Aylesbury, and they hold the following years:

Whaddon, St Mary

 

Event Dates covered
Christenings 1584 - 1900
Marriages 1584 - 1984
Burials 1584 - 1995

 

Nash, All Saints

 

Event Dates covered
Christenings 1858 - 1988
Burials 1858 - 1999

 

Copies or indexes to the parish registers are available from societies as follows:

Whaddon, St Mary

 

Event
Society Library*
Dates covered
Society
Marriages
1584 - 1837
Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society

 

* = material held in a Society library is generally available for loan to all members either via post, or by collection at a meeting

An ecclesiastical census was carried out throughout England on 30 March 1851 to record the attendance at all places of worship. These returns are in the Buckinghamshire Record Office and have been published by the Buckinghamshire Record Society (vol 27). The returns for Whaddon showed the following numbers:

Church Attendance
Whaddon, St Mary 150 - Morning General Congregation
30 - Morning Sunday Scholars

150 - Afternoon General Congregation
30 - Afternoon Sunday Scholars

Whaddon,
Independent
29 - Morning General Congregation
25 - Morning Sunday Scholars

97 - Afternoon General Congregation

68 - Evening General Congregation

Nash,
Independent Chapel
20 - Evening General Congregation
Nash,
Nash Hill Meeting
Independentand Baptist
Meeting
50 - Morning General Congregation
53 - Morning Sunday Scholars
103 - Morning Total

80 - Afternoon General Congregation

40 - Evening General Congregation

 

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Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Whaddon which are provided by:

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Gazetteers

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Whaddon to another place.

Click here for a list of nearby places.

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Whaddon has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

Whaddon was described in 1806 in "Magna Britannia" as follows:

WHADDON, in the hundred of Cotslow and deanery of Muresley, lies about four miles south of Stony-Stratford, and about five miles nearly north of Winslow. The manor of Whaddon, with the office of Keeper of the Chace, was anciently in the Giffards. It was seized by the crown in the reign of King John, and granted to the Earl of Arundel. By a subsequent grant, in 1245, it was given to the Fitz-jeffreys, from whom it descended by heirs female to Lionel Duke of Clarence, to the Mortimers, and the Plantagenets, by which means it became again vested in the crown. The manor of Whaddon was a part of Jane Seymour's dower. It was afterwards given to the Pigots, and by them sold to the noble family of Grey of Wilton. Whaddon was the seat of the brave Arthur Lord Grey, who, in 1568, was honoured with a visit by Queen Elizabeth, then on her Buckinghamshire progress. Edmund Spenser, the poet, who was his secretary, is said to have been frequently resident with him at this place. On the attainder of William Lord Grey, for being concerned with Sir Walter Ralegh in some treasonable practices, this manor was given to Sir George Villiers, afterwards Duke of Buckingham, who occasionally resided at Whaddon-hall, from whence he took the title of Baron. In 1698, the manor and chace were purchased of the representatives of the second duke, by James Selby esq. and Dr. Willis the celebrated physician. The manor, on a partition, became the property of Dr. Willis, and was inherited by his grandson, Browne Willis the antiquary, who resided many years at Whaddon-hall, which was purchased, with the manor, of his representatives, by the late Mr. Selby, who, on the supposiition that no heir at law could be found to inherit his estates, which proved to be the case, bequeathed the manor and other property to William Lowndes esq. of Winslow, who has taken the name of Selby. Whaddon-hall is now the residence of his eldest son, William Lowndes esq. In the parish church are monuments of Thomas Pigot serjeant at law, who died in 1519: and of Arthur Lord Grey, of Wilton, who died in 1593. The great tithes of this parish, which belonged formerly to the priory of Newenton-Longueville, were given by William of Wickham to New College in Oxford, togther with the advowson of the vicarage.

Dr. Cox, Bishop of Ely, who was tutor to King Edward VI. and one of the composers of the liturgy, was a native of Whaddon.

The late Mr. Coare of Newgate-street, founded a charity school at Whaddon for 20 children, and endowed it with 10 l. per annum. He built an alms house also, but did not live to complete his intention of endowing it.

Ralph Martell, in the reign of King Henry III. founded a small priory of monks of the Bendictine order at Snelshall, now called Snelsoe green, in this parish. The prior had a grant of a weekly market on Thursdays at Snelshall, in 1227. The revenues of the priory were estimated at the time of its suppression at only 18 l. 1s. 11d. clear yearly value. The site was granted at three several times to Francis Pigot, Sir Thomas Palmer, and Edmund Ashfield. From the latter it passed by a female heir to the Fortescues, who in 1619 sold it to the Duke of Buckingham. It was included in the purchase made by Selby and Willis in 1698, and has since passed with the manor of Whaddon. There are no remains of the conventual buildings which were in a ruinous state when surveyed by the commissioners, previously to its suppression, in the reign of King Henry VIII.

 

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Names, Geographical

  • Whaddon - The name derives from the old english words hwæte + dun, and means 'hill where wheat is grown'.
  • Nash - The name derives from the old english word æsc, and means 'place at the ash-tree'.

 

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Taxation