"HAMPSTEAD MARSHAL, a parish in the hundred of Kintbury Eagle, county Berks, 4 miles S.W. of Newbury, its post town, and 7 S.W. of Hungerford. The parish is of small extent, and is situated on the Kennet and Avon canal. It formerly belonged to the earls marshal of England, from which circumstance it takes the adjunct to its name. The land is nearly evenly divided between arable and pasture, with about 300 acres of woodland. The tithes have been commuted for a rent-charge of £290. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Oxford, value £269. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, is an ancient brick building, and has a tomb of Sir B. Gerbler, who built Hampstead House, now the residence of the Earl of Craven, who is lord of the manor. There is a chapel for Independents."
From The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland(1868). Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003.
Alternative spellings: any permutation of Hamsted, Hamstead, Hampstead, Marshall, Marshal
Other descriptions can be found from other periods in various trade directories covering Berkshire from the early 19th century onwards, from Berkshire FHS, Hampstead Marshal.net, and A Vision of Britain Through Time.