[Transcribed information from A Topographical Dictionary of England - Samuel Lewis - 1835] (unless otherwise stated)
"CHIPPENHAM, a parish in the hundred of STAPLOE, county of CAMBRIDGE, 4 miles (N. N. E.) from Newmarket, containing 607 inhabitants. The living is a discharged vicarage, in the archdeaconry of Sudbury, and diocese of Norwich, rated in the king's books at £11. 12. 6., and in the patronage of the Trustees of J. Tharp, Esq. The church, dedicated to St. Margaret, was rebuilt by means of a grant of indulgences, shortly after the destruction of the ancient edifice by fire, in the fifteenth century. A charity school was founded in 1714, by the Earl of Orford, with an endowment of £ 20 per annum, for teaching all the poor children of the parish. William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, gave this manor to the society of Knights Hospitallers, whereupon a subordinate establishment was fixed here. Charles I., during the civil war, enjoyed the diversion of bowling at Chippenham Park, the seat of Sir William Russel; and George I. was entertained here by Admiral Russel, October 4th, 1717. About the middle of the seventeenth century the mansion and estate were possessed by Sir Francis Russel, Bart., whose daughter married the fourth son of the Protector Cromwell. Sir Edward Russel, created Earl of Orford, expended a considerable sum in improving the park and embellishing the mansion, which latter was taken down and the materials sold."