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Fulbourn

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2013

"FULBOURN, comprises the parishes of All Saints and St. Vigor, in the hundred of Flendish, county Cambridge, 5 miles south-east of Cambridge, its post town, and 9 south-west of Newmarket. It is a station on the Great Eastern line of railway. Fulbourn formerly had two churches, All Saints and St. Vigor's, standing in close proximity to each other, but one having fallen into decay was removed, and the one remaining is served by the two clergymen alternately. The village is considerable, and had formerly a guildhall. The land is almost wholly arable. The living of All Saints is a vicarage in the diocese of Ely, value £253, in the patronage of the Bishop of Peterborough; that of St. Vigor's is a rectory,* value £442, in the patronage of St. John's College, Cambridge. The latter is the still existing church, and is an ancient stone edifice, containing numerous monuments and brasses, some as early as the 14th century. The register commences in 1763. The parochial charities consist of a school endowment producing nearly £40, and other bequests for the poor and various local objects, yielding about £2711 per annum. The Independents and Baptists have each a chapel, and there is a free school for both sexes. C. W. Townley, Esq., is lord of the manor. Fulbourn House is the principal residence. The tithes were commuted for land and money payments under an Enclosure Act in 1806."

"FULBOURN VALLEY, a farm house in the parish of Fulbourn, 1¼ miles south of Fulbourn."

"NEW SHARDELOWES, a hamlet in the parish of Fulbourn, 1½ miles south-east of Fulbourn."

[Transcribed and edited information from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868]

Cemeteries

  • The cemetery 1937-70, monumental inscriptions 1893-1985, City of Refuge Baptist churchyard 1856-64, the Independent churchyard 1701-1983 and Fulbourn St Vigor (includes All Saints) churchyard 1682-1984 are recorded in the Cambridge Records Office. Transcripts of these are available on microfiche from the Cambridgeshire Family History Society Publications list

Census

Church History

  • "The Congregational chapel, built in 1821, will seat 500 persons." [Kelly's Directory - 1900]

Church Records

  • Independent Church
    • Independent Church: Records exist for births 1816-17, 1831-36 (on microfilm) plus indexed transcriptions of births 1816-17 at the Cambridgeshire Archives.

Description and Travel

  • "The Working Men's Institute has a lending library of 900 volumes and a reading room, supplied with daily and weekly papers and magazines. There are eight almhouses, erected by subcription in 1864. The charities are as follows: £78 yearly from Careway's Charity, for clothing; £110 yearly from Bishop's Charity, for flour; £27 yearly from Farmer's Charity, the greater part of which is distributed amongst the poor who regularly attend church; and a sum of £12, given by Thomas Oslar, in 1722, to purchase an acre of land for a perpetual charity for the poor widows of St. Vigor's parish, the profits of which are distributed on St. Thomas' Day. A new pumping station of the Cambridge Water Works Company, erected as an auxiliary to the works at Cherry Hinton, was opened in March, 1891, at a cost of £2,000. The annual fair, formerly held here on the Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday following the first Sunday after Trinity, is now held, by Order in Council dated 19th June, 1883, on the Monday and Tuesday only. The Rev. Charles Francis Townley M.A., Joseph Chaplin esq. and the rector are the principal landowners. Fulbourn Manor is the residence of the Hon. Lady Tryon: the house stands in its own grounds of 9 acres, and is surrounded by a well-wooded park of about 78 acres."
    [Kelly's Directory - 1900]
You can see pictures of Fulbourn which are provided by:

Gazetteers

Military History

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • "The County Lunatic Asylum, opened Nov. 2, 1858, is a structure of brick in the Elizabethan style, from plans by Mr. Fowler Jones, architect, of York, & was erected at a cost of about £40,000: it has since been considerably enlarged & in 1900 had 550 patients; attached are 87 acres of land, a consecrated cemetry, gas works, brewhouse & farm buildings."
    [Kelly's Directory - 1900]
  • Records are held in the Cambridgeshire Archives for Fulbourn Mental Hospital burials 1901-53, deaths 1907-69 and deaths of patients from Three Counties Hospital (Arlesey, Bedfordshire) for 1939-50.
  • Fulbourn Hospital has been known by many names - Isle of Ely and Borough of Cambridge Asylum (1858 - 1921), Cambridgeshire County Asylum (1921 - 1954), Cambridgeshire, Isle of Ely and Borough of Cambridge Mental Hospital (1948 - 1954). The Fulbourn Hospital archive is vast and relatively complete. Some of the records bear evidence of a fire which apparently occurred in one of the doctor's rooms. Records include the main record of inmates, the admission and discharge registers from 1858. A more authoritative guide to covering dates is given in the Hospital Records Database. The Hospital's administrative records date from 1848 and there are records of various dates relating medical care of inmates, staff, finance, plans and photographs. There is no detailed catalogue to the records.
  • The Hospital Records Database shows the following records exist in the Cambridgeshire Archives, whether they are available for access and the dates they cover.
    Record Type  Available  From  To
    Administrative  YES   1848  1977 
    General  YES   1848 1948
    Finance   YES   1890  1948 
    Estates   NO      
    Nursing   YES   1940  1966 
    Admission & Discharge   YES   1858  1968 
    Staff  YES   1867  1968 
    Ephemera   YES   1908  1977 
    Pictorial   YES   1899  1970 
    Private Papers   NO      
    Other   NO      
    Clinical & Patients  YES   1883  1955 
    Notes
    Case Notes:1907 - 1955

Taxation

  • Land Tax: records were compiled afresh each year and contain the names of owners and occupiers in each parish, but usually there is no address or place name. These records reside in the Cambridgeshire Archives for the years 1762-3, 1789-1837, 1880-92 and 1911-48.

Towns and Parishes

  • "Both churches stood in the same churchyard, but on Sunday, 25th May, 1766, at about 5 a.m. the tower of All Saints' church fell and totally ruined the building; 3 of the 5 bells were lying in the ruins in May, 1774, but the oak benches and fittings had been stolen: the church was eventually taken down under the authority of an Act of Parliament; all the parochial assessments are united, but each parish appoints its own officers, and the livings are consolidated."
    [Kellys Directory of Cambridgeshire 1900]