[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2013
"LINTON, a parish and post town in the hundred of Chilford, county Cambridge, 6 miles from Saffron Walden, and 10 south-east of Cambridge. The parish, which is wholly agricultural, is situated on a branch of the river Cam, and near the Great Eastern railway. The village, which is still considerable, was formerly a market town, and had a small priory cell to St. Jacutus-de-Insula, in Brittany, which was subsequently given by Henry VI. to Pembroke College, Cambridge. At Bareham are the ruins of a Crutched Friary cell to Welnetham Abbey, in Suffolk. This monastery was established in the reign of Edward I., and at the Dissolution came to the Mellicents. Many of the houses in the town are very old and thatched.
The union workhouse, which cost £6,600, is situated a short distance from the village, near to which is the newly-erected police station. Petty sessions are held every alternate Wednesday, and courts leet occasionally by the lords of the manor. The soil consists of gravel and chalk. A considerable portion of the land is in orchards and market gardens. In 1838 an Act was obtained for enclosing the waste lands. The appropriate tithes, belonging to Pembroke Hall, have been commuted for a rent-charge of £780, and the vicarial for £260. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ely, value £204, in the patronage of the bishop. The church, dedicated to St. Margaret, has an embattled tower containing a clock and five bells. The church contains several ancient monuments, including the brass of a knight in armour, bearing date 1430, and the tomb to Mrs. Harrison, who died at the advanced age of 135 years. The parochial charities produce about £38 per annum. There is a National school for both sexes, also a British school-the latter not in use. The charities produce £37 per annum, chiefly the endowment of the almshouses. There are places of worship for Independents and Primitive Methodists. The governors of Pembroke College, Cambridge, are lords of the manor. Linton is the head of a Poor-law Union embracing 20 parishes in the county of Cambridge, and 2 in that of Essex. It is also the seat of a superintendent registry, but is included within the Saffron Walden new County Court district. An extensive sheep fair is held on the 30th July, and one on Holy Thursday for small wares."
[Transcribed and edited information from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868]