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Over

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2013

"OVER, a parish in the hundred of Papworth, county Cambridge, 5 miles south-east of St. Ives, its post town, 9 from Huntingdon, and 1 mile from the Swavesey station, on the Great Eastern railway. The village, which is chiefly agricultural, is situated on the river Ouse. A portion of the land is fenny, with pasture. The soil consists of a strong clay. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ely, value £108, in the patronage of Trinity College, Cambridge. The church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, has been thoroughly restored and the north aisle rebuilt. On the west door was carved a figure of the Virgin clothed with the sun. The parochial charities produce about £401 per annum, of which £366 is realised from town lands, and £20 goes to the school. There is a National school for both sexes, also British and Sunday schools. The Baptists and Wesleyans have each a place of worship. There is a townhall, which was rebuilt in 1849. E. Foster, Esq., is lord of the manor."

[Transcribed and edited information from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868]

Cemeteries

  • The Monumental Inscriptions in the graveyard of St. Mary the Virgin 1719-1982 are recorded in the Cambridge Records Office.

Census

Churches

  • St. Mary's Church, Over.

Church History

  • "The church of St Mary the Virgin is an edifice of stone, principally in the Decorated Style, and consists of chancel clerestoried nave of six bays, aisles, a fine south porch and a western tower with lofty octagonal spire, rising to a height of 156 feet and containing a clock with chimes and 6 bells, and over the chancel is a sanctus bell of the 14th century : the chancel is Perpendicular, but retains an Early English piscina and chancel arch, the columns of the latter having been cut away in order to insert the rood screen, a good piece of the 14th century work of seven divisions, with groined loft above: both nave and chancel have Perpendicular roofs, and the nave and aisles are embattled: a chantry was founded in the south aisle in 1391, in memory of Robert Muskham (a former rector), but its endowments have been alienated since the reign of Edward VI. : the south aisle still retains a piscina, and exhibits on the exterior some exceedingly fine and bold gargoyles: the south porch is a very beautiful and highly enriched composition of the Decorated period, and the tower is Early in this style: over the west doorway is a weather worn carving of the Virgin Mary in Glory; on the left side are the arms of Ramsey Abbey, which formerly held the patronage of this living from 1004 A.D. : on the south side of the chancel are six stalls of the 13th century, brought here at the dissolution of the abbey, and one of these bears the arms of the abbey: the pulpit of carved oak, with a fine canopy, is Jacobean: the whole of the north aisle has been rebuilt and the church reseated; the tower and spire were repaired in 1864, at a cost of £600, defrayed by the churchwardens out of the thirds received by them from the Over Town Lands charity; the chancel has also been restored: in 1882 a clock and chimes war placed in the tower: the organ was also repaired a cost of £105, the spire restored at a cost of £220 and lamps placed in the church at a cost of £69: there are 325 sittings. The register dates from the year 1577. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value £344, with 25 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of Trinity College, Cambridge, and held since 1923 by the Rev. Frederick George Weston M.A. of that college. The list of rectors and vicars dates from 1309. There is a Baptist chapel, founded in 1757, with sittings for 350 persons, and a Primitive Methodist chapel." [Kelly's Directory - Cambridgeshire 1929]

Church Records

  • Church of England
    • Over, St. Mary the Virgin : Records of baptisms 1577-1892, marriages 1577-1968, burials 1577-1937 and banns 1754-1937 reside in the Cambridgeshire Archives. Index transcripts of baptisms 1577-1850, marriages 1577-1852 and burials 1577-1851 also reside in the Cambridgeshire Archives. The Bishop's Transcripts for the years 1599-1904 can be found in the Cambridge University Library.The parish register transcripts for Over St. Mary the Virgin 1577-1852 are also available on microfiche from the Cambridgeshire Family History Society Publications list
  • Methodist
    • Over Methodist Church: Records exist at the Huntingdon Record Office for baptisms 1945-51 with photocopies held at the Cambridgeshire Archives
    • Wesleyan Methodist Church: Records exist at the Cambridgeshire Archives for the Cambridge Wesleyan Circuit of which Over is part.
    • Primitive Methodist Church: Records exist at the Cambridgeshire Archives for the Cambridge Primitive Circuit of which Over is part and also for the St. Ives Primitive Circuit of which Over is also part, the latter residing at the Huntingdon Record Office but photocopies are held at Cambridgeshire Archives.
You can see pictures of Over which are provided by:

Gazetteers

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Over has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Over to another place.

Manors

  • "The manor was given to the abbot and convent of Ramsey, by Ednothus, Bishop of Dorchester (1034-50), and in the year 1619 James I. granted it to George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham; in 1676 it was alienated to Sackville Wade esq. and since then it has passed through the families of Kirby, Phillips, Edwards and Taylor to the present owner, Guy W. Stanley esq. who is lord of the manor." [Kellys Directory Cambridgeshire - 1929]

Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference TL372705 (Lat/Lon: 52.315431, 0.011356), Over which are provided by:

Military History

  • "In the centre of the village is a stone cross, erected in 1920 as a memorial to the men of this parish who fell in the Great War, 1914-18."
    [Kellys Directory Cambridgeshire - 1929]
  • The War Memorial has been transcribed and the men researched.
  • The War Memorial Plaque in the Church has been transcribed and the men researched.

Taxation

  • Land Tax: records were compiled afresh each year and contain the names of owners and occupiers in each parish, but usually there is no address or place name. These records reside in the Cambridgeshire Archives for the years 1790, 1798 (on microfilm), 1829-32 and 1880-1948.