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BIRKENHEAD

"BIRKENHEAD, a chapelry in the parish of BIDSTONE, lower division of the hundred of WIRRALL, county palatine of CHESTER, 9¼ miles (N. N. E.) from Great Neston, containing 200 inhabitants. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry and diocese of Chester, endowed with £1000 private benefaction, £800 royal bounty, and £1200 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of F. R. Price, Esq. A priory for sixteen Benedictine monks was founded here, about 1150, in honour of St. Mary and St. James, by Hamon de Massey, third baron of Dunham-Massey, which, according to Leland, was subordinate to the abbey of St. Werburgh, at Chester; but from the power exercised by the monks, Bishop Tanner considers it to have been an independent priory: the revenue, at the dissolution, was £102. 16. 10. The ruins, part of which has been fitted up for a chapel, stand on a peninsular rock of red freestone, formed by the æstuary of the Mersey, on the east, and a small creek on the west, opposite to Liverpool." [From Samuel Lewis A Topographical Dictionary of England  (1831) ©Mel Lockie]

  • Birkenhead was a township and chapelry in Bidston ancient parish, Wirral hundred (SJ 3289), which became a civil parish in 1866.
  • Since 1974 it has been an unparished area in the county of Merseyside.
  • It includes the hamlets of Egerton Park, Grange and Woodside.
  • The population was 110 in 1801, 24285 in 1851, 110912 in 1901, 142501 in 1951, and 103206 in 2001.

Cemeteries

  • Flaybrick Cemetery, Tollemache Road. Opened in 1864.
  • Birkenhead Cemetery, Chapel Lane. Opened 1900.

Churches

  • Birkenhead: St. Mary (Church of England). An ancient parochial chapel to Bidston: St. Oswald, originally serving the whole of the township of Birkenhead.
  • Birkenhead: Holy Trinity (Church of England). A district church for part of the township of Birkenhead from 1840. Closed in 1974
  • Birkenhead: St. Anne (Church of England). Built in 1847 as a chapel to Birkenhead: Holy Trinity, and a district church for part of the township of Birkenhead from 1861. Refounded in 1990 as Birkenhead Priory: Christ the King.
  • Birkenhead: St. James (Church of England). Built in 1858 as a chapel to Birkenhead: St. Mary, becoming a district church for part of the township of Birkenhead in 1879.
  • Birkenhead: St. John the Evangelist (Church of England). A district church for part of the township of Birkenhead from 1859.
  • Birkenhead: St. Paul (Church of England). Built in 1864 as a chapel to Birkenhead: St. Mary, becoming a district church for part of the township of Birkenhead in 1864.
  • Birkenhead: St. Peter (Church of England). Built in 1867 as a chapel to Birkenhead: Holy Trinity, becoming a parish church for part of the township of Birkenhead in 1868. Closed in 1991.
  • Claughton: Christ Church (Church of England). A district church for part of Birkenhead from 1876.
  • Birkenhead: All Saints (Church of England). Built in 1879 as a chapel to Oxton: St. Saviour, becoming a district church in 1911. Closed in 1972.
  • Birkenhead: St. Matthew (Church of England),. Built in 1882 in Claughton Road as a chapel to Holy Trinity; rebuilt in 1889 on Park Road East, becoming a district church for part of the township of Birkenhead in 1914. Closed in 1974.
  • Birkenhead: St. Bede (Church of England). Built in 1888 as a chapel to Bidston: St. Oswald, becoming a district chapel in 1911.
  • Birkenhead: St. Mark (Church of England). Built in 1891 as a chapel to Birkenhead: St John, which became a district church in 1922. Closed in 1991.
  • Claughton: St. Michael & All Angels (Church of England). A district church for part of Birkenhead from 1912.
  • Birkenhead: St. Winifred  (Church in Wales), Built in 1891.
  • Birkenhead: St. Werburgh (Roman Catholic). Founded in 1834.
  • Birkenhead: Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception & St. Edward the Confessor (Roman Catholic). Founded in 1854.
  • Birkenhead: St. Laurence (Roman Catholic). Founded in 1864.
  • Birkenhead: St. Joseph (Roman Catholic). Opened in 1900.
  • Birkenhead: Holy Cross (Roman Catholic). Opened in 1928.
  • Birkenhead: St. Paul (Roman Catholic). Opened in 1978.
  • Birkenhead, Baptist (Woodlands) Chapel. The first chapel was built in 1839 at Hamilton Terrace by the Welsh Baptists. In 1852 it was replaced by a new building at Price Street, which was rebuilt in 1889.
  • Birkenhead, Baptist Chapel, Built in 1858 at the corner of Grange Road and Whatstone Lane. Now closed.
  • Birkenhead, Baptist Chapel. The Ebenezer Chapel was built at Jackson Street in 1868, and in 1902 this was replaced by a new building at Laird Street.
  • Birkenhead, Baptist Chapel, Alvanley Place.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist (Brunswick) Chapel, Price Street. Built in 1830, closed in 1960. Registers of baptisms 1839-1958 and marriages 1867-1954 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist Chapel (Primitive), Grange Road. Founded in 1855, Built in 1870, closed in 1958. Registers of baptisms 1886-1958 and marriages 1916-58 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist (Palm Grove) Chapel (Wesleyan), Talbot Lane/Lorne Road. Founded in 1858, Built in 1871, closed in 1978. Registers of baptisms 1858-87 and marriages 1875-1977 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist Chapel (Free), Claughton Road. Founded in 1864, Built in 1881, closed in 1938. Registers of baptisms 1864-1938 and marriages 1927-38 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist Chapel (Wesleyan), Laird Street. Built in 1864, destroyed by bombing in 1941. Registers of baptisms 1874-1941 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist Chapel (Wesleyan), Grange Road. Built in 1872.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist Chapel (Wesleyan), Hind Street. Built in 1873 (replacing a building in Blackpool Street), closed in 1966. Registers of baptisms 1873-1965 and marriages 1965-66 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist Chapel (Wesleyan), Lowe Street. Built in 1878, closed in 1958. Registers of baptisms 1879-1957 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist Chapel (Primitive), Beckwith Street.
  • Birkenhead, Methodist (Mount Tabor) Chapel (Primitive), Holt Road. Built in 1879, closed in 1966. Registers of baptisms 1895-1945 and marriages 1916-64 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Conway Street. Built in 1840.
  • Birkenhead, Presbyterian Church (Welsh), Parkfield. Founded in 1837.
  • Birkenhead, Presbyterian Church, Regent Place. Built in 1848, closed in 1976.
  • Birkenhead, Presbyterian (Hamilton Memorial) Church, Upton Road. Founded in 1868, Built in 1922.
  • Birkenhead, Presbyterian Church (Welsh), Laird Street. Founded in 1905.
  • Birkenhead, Presbyterian Church (Welsh), Woodchurch Road. Founded in 1906.
  • Birkenhead, Unitarian Chapel, Clive Road. Founded in 1851 in Charing Cross, moved to Bessborough Road in 1903. The present building was opened in 1959. Registers of baptisms 1888-1921 are at the Cheshire Record Office.
  • Birkenhead, United Reformed Church (Indpendent/Congregational). Built in 1856 in Oxton Road, rebuilt in 1923 in Balls Road.
  • Birkenhead, Welsh Independent Church, Clifton Road. Built in 1844, rebuilt in 1881. Registers 1842-1854 are in the National Library of Wales.
  • Birkenhead, Welsh Independent Church, Vittoria Street. Founded in 1886.

For churches and chapels in the areas added to Birkenhead in 1898, 1928 and 1933, see also Arrowe, Bidston cum Ford, Claughton with Grange, Landican, Noctorum, Oxton, Prenton, Rock Ferry, Thingwall and Tranmere, Upton by Birkenhead and Woodchurch.

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Birkenhead area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Civil Registration

  • Wirral (1837-61)
  • Birkenhead (1861-1998)
  • Wirral (1998+)

Court Records

  • Wirral (1828-77)
  • Birkenhead (Borough) (1877-1974)
  • Wirral (1974+)

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Birkenhead which are provided by:

Historical Geography

  • 1898 March 31 — Gained the whole of Claughton with Grange (pop. 3920 in 1901) , part of Lower Bebington (pop. 0 in 1901), the whole of Oxton (pop. 4579 in 1901), the whole of Rock Ferry (pop. 2971 in 1901), and the whole of Tranmere (pop. 37709 in 1901)
  • 1928 April 1 — Gained part of Bidston cum Ford (443 acres, pop. 423 in 1921),
  • 1933 April 1 — Gained part of Arrowe (491 acres, pop. 71 in 1931), part of Bidston cum Ford (575 acres, pop. 506 in 1931), the whole of Landican (626 acres, pop. 66 in 1931), the whole of Noctorum (330 acres, pop. 473 in 1931), the whole of Prenton (640 acres, pop. 2032 in 1931), the whole of Thingwall (377 acres, pop. 652 in 1931), part of Upton by Birkenhead (856 acres, pop. 2547 in 1931), and the whole of Woodchurch (339 acres, pop. 113 in 1931)
You can see the administrative areas in which Birkenhead has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Birkenhead to another place.

Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SJ300880 (Lat/Lon: 53.384178, -3.053902), Birkenhead which are provided by:

Politics and Government

  • Wirral Rural Sanitary District (1875-77)
  • Birkenhead Urban Sanitary District (1877-94)
  • Birkenhead Municipal Borough (1877-89)
  • Birkenhead County Borough (1889-1974)
  • Wirral Metropolitan Borough [Merseyside] (1974+)

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Wirral (1836-61)
  • Birkenhead (1861-1930)

Voting Registers

  • South Cheshire (1832-59)
  • Birkenhead (1859-1918)
  • Birkenhead East (partly, 1918-48) *
  • Birkenhead West (partly, 1918-48) *
  • Birkenhead (1948-74)

* The areas added to Birkenhead in 1928 and 1933 remained in the Wirral division until 1948.