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Creed with Grampound

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Creed is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Powder. The parish (Cornish: Sen Krida) is bounded on the north by St Stephen-in-Brannel, on the east by St Ewe, on the south by St Ewe and Cuby, and on the west by Probus. The parish is named after its patron St Crida. Creed was anciently taxed under the name of Tybesta, a manor formerly giving its name to a hundred now comprising a large portion of Powder.

The ancient borough of Grampound is also situated in the deanery and Hundred of Powder; it is actually sited in the parishes of Creed and Probus. The town of Grampound had a charter as early as 26th October 1334. It sent two members to parliament from the time of Edward VI up to 1824; in that year it was disfranchised for bribery, being the only borough so treated prior to the Reform Bill of 1832. It had the honour of introducing to parliamentary life two very notable men, William Noye, the great lawyer (1604 to 1611), and John Hampden, the hero of the ship-money dispute (1620), both good friends of the people, though, as all know, the former deserted the popular cause. In 1768 it was represented by Grey Cooper, Secretary to the Treasury, and Charles W. Cornwall, afterwards speaker of the house, a man of great ability, whose career was, however, impeded by a love of drink. The parliamentary history of Grampound is of much interest, and is fully told in W.P. Courtney's Parliamentary Representation of Cornwall to 1832.

In essence, the main place of the parish is Grampound, but the Church is located at Creed. A short but interesting account is in 'The histories of Creed church and the borough of Grampound', by O.B. Peter (Launceston, 1904). There was once a small woollen trade carried on here, a manufacture of gloves, and a tannery. In the market place is the shaft of a gothic cross. There are earthworks at Nantellan and Pencoyse.

Bibliography

Index to The Book of Grampound with Creed by Amy Bane and Mary Oliver.

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Cemeteries

The Cornwall Family History Society have published on-line Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church - 591 entries.

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Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

The parish of Creed with Grampound has been in the Registration District of St Austell continuously from 1st July 1837. There were sub-districts at Fowey, Grampound, Mevagissey and St Austell, but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the district are: Creed, Fowey, Gorran, Grampound, Mevagissey, Roche, St. Austell, St. Blazey, St. Dennis, St. Ewe, St. Mewan, St. Michael Carhays, St. Sampson, St. Stephen in Brannel, Tywardreath. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: 12 Carlyon Road, St Austell, PL25 4LD. Tel: 01726 68974. Fax: 01726 68974.

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Description & Travel

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Genealogy

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Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in Creed ecclesiastical parish:

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Maps

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Population

Except where stated to the contrary, Creed and Grampound have usually been enumerated separately. However, from 2001 the parish was enumerated as "Grampound-with-Creed".

Creed

  • Population in 1801 - 217 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 226 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 279 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 258 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 758 persons (Grampound with Creed)
  • Population in 1851 - 764 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 265 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 241 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 244 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 645 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 232 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 239 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 238 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 231 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 219 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 203 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 203 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 140 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 155 persons
  • Population from 2001 is now included under Grampound.

Grampound

  • Population in 1801 - 325 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 601 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 688 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 715 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 758 persons (Grampound with Creed)
  • Population in 1851 - 589 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 573 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 478 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 482 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 495 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 491 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 430 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 419 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 388 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 447 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 412 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 401 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 440 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 465 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 638 persons (Grampound with Creed)
  • Population in 2011 - 654 persons (Grampound with Creed)

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Religion & Religious Life

In the May of 1641 it was agreed and ordered that every Member of the House of Commons and House of Lords should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty) to the crown. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor, had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The Protestation Returns of 1642 for Creed and Grampound, are available on-line.

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Statistics

The parish of Creed-with-Grampound comprises 2661 acres of land and 5 acres of water.

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Taxation

The Hearth Tax entries for Grampound Borough (1662-1689) are available on-line.

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