The parish of Grade (Cornish: Sen Grad) is situated on the Lizard, in the Menege district, and
in the Deanery and Hundred of Kerrier. The parish was divided into four
detached portions. The first portion, upon which the church stands, is bounded
on the west and north by Ruan Minor, on the east by the sea, and on the south
by Landwednack. The second portion was bounded on the north and east by St
Keverne and the sea, on the south by Ruan Minor, and on the west by Ruan Major.
The third portion is surrounded by the parish of Ruan Major. The fourth portion
was bounded on the on the north, east and south by the parish of Ruan Major,
and on the west by Mullion.
Grade is situated on the most southerly
peninsula in Cornwall. The fishing village of Cadgwith, which was partly in
this parish and partly in Ruan Minor, is still active but was more important in
the days of pilchard fishing, when the cry of 'Hevva! Hevva!' alerted the
fisherman that a shoal of fish had been sighted. By the end of the 19th century
the pilchards had completely disappeared.
Because of small populations,
in 1934 Grade united with Ruan Major and
Ruan Minor to form a single parish of
Grade - Ruan.
Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall
Record Office. The Cornwall Family
History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.
Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:
- The 1841 Census of Grade (HO107/137), Enumeration
Districts 14 and 15, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- The 1841 census for this parish has also been filmed by the LDS
church - film No. 241260.
- The 1851 Census of Grade (HO107/1918), Enumeration
Districts 6a and 6b, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- The New Zealand Society of Genealogists have compiled separate surname
indexes of the 1851 Census for each Cornish registration district; Grade is listed in Volume
32. The booklets are available in Cornwall at the
Cornwall Centre (formerly known as the Cornish Studies Library), and is
also available in the Cornwall
- 1871. The 1871 Census of Grade (RG10/2306), Enumeration
Districts 11 and 12, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- 1881. The 1881 Census of Grade, (RG11/2325), Enumeration
Districts 4 and 5, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- 1891. The 1891 Census of Grade (RG12/1841), Enumeration
Districts 11 and 12, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- Anglican. The old parish
church is located in OS Grid Square SW7114 and was dedicated to St Grada and the Holy Cross.
and the Holy Cross. It comprised a chancel, nave, and north and south transept.
The south transept, also known as the Erisey aisle was once the burial
place for that ancient family. The tower, a well-built structure, still
remains; it is of two stages, is finished with battlements and pinnacles, and
contained three bells.
The body of the church, being considered too
dilapidated for repair, was taken down in 1863, and a new building was erected.
The new church comprises a chancel, nave, and south porch. The only entrance is
through the south porch.
Details about the plans of the modern church are available on-line.
- Non-Conformist. The arrangements for Non-Conformists in the parish are not yet known.
- LDS Church Records.
- The Cornwall
Record Office holdings: Baptisms 1700 - 1988, Burials 1707 - 1964,
Marriages 1707 - 1944, Boyd's Marriage Index 1597 - 1812, Pallot's Marriage Index 1790 - 1812, BTs 1597 - 1673.
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Marriages 1597 to 1836, which is available in Book, CD or downloadable .pdf file formats.
- Phillimore's marriages 1674 to 1812, and marriages 1813 to 1901, for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornish Forefathers' Society have published on CD marriages 1707 to 1840 (with baptisms) for this parish.
- Burials 1707 to 1901 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Burials 1813 to 1836, which is available in Book format.
The modern parish of Grade-Ruan was originally in the Helston Registration
District as Grade, Ruan Major and Ruan Minor; there were sub-districts at
Breage, Crowan, Helston, St Keverne and Wendron. It is now in the Kerrier
Registration District. Parishes in this registration district are: Breage, Crowan, Cury, Germoe, Gunwalloe, Grade, Helston, Landewednack, Manaccan, Mawgan in Meneage, Mullion, Ruan Major, Ruan Minor, St. Anthony in Meneage, St. Keverne, St. Martin in Meneage, Sithney, Wendron.
The address of the Registration Office is: The Willows, Church Street, Helston, TR13 8NJ.
Tel: 01326 562848.
- ePodunk's Cornwall page - providing general, plus some historical and genealogical information, about Cornwall and its parishes, together with links (mainly relating to general sites and services, rather than ones that are specific to Cornwall or particular parishes).
- OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted by email.
- Strays. Persons living in a parish but born elsewhere are
known as "Strays". Strays found in Grade
in the 1861 Census are available on-line.
Grade parish was part of the Helston
Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.
In 1934, Grade parish united with both Ruan Major and Ruan Minor to form
a single parish called Grade - Ruan. Since 1951, the population figures include
all three former parishes.
- Population in 1801 - 320 persons
- Population in 1811 - 306 persons
- Population in 1821 - 355 persons
- Population in 1831 - 306 persons
- Population in 1841 - 333 persons
- Population in 1851 - 315 persons
- Population in 1861 - 327 persons
- Population in 1871 - 318 persons
- Population in 1881 - 298 persons
- Population in 1891 - 293 persons
- Population in 1901 - 276 persons
- Population in 1911 - 328 persons
- Population in 1921 - 328 persons
- Population in 1931 - 339 persons
- Population in 1951 - 300 persons
- Population in 1961 - 677 persons
- Population in 1971 - 664 persons
- Population in 1981 - 835 persons
- Population in 1991 - 965 persons
- Population in 2001 - 1070 persons
- Population in 2011 - 1180 persons
Wills & Admons for
Grade 1660-1773 are available on-line.
In the May of 1641 it was agreed and ordered that every Member of the House
of Commons and House of Lords should make a protestation (declaration of
loyalty) to the crown. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the
Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the
Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor, had to appear before the
Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on
returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the
Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed
and anyone who refused was to be noted.
The Protestation Returns of 1642 for Grade are available on-line.
The parish comprises 2007 acres of land.
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