Jacobstow (Cornish: Pennalyn) is situated in the Deanery of Trigg-Major and in the Hundred of
Stratton. It is bounded on the north by Poundstock, on the east by Week St Mary
and the detached part of Warbstow, on the south by Warbstow, and on the west
by St Gennys. There was an isolated portion of the parish which was bounded by
Week St Mary, the detached part of Warbstow, and North Petherwin. This parish
is located in the north-east of Cornwall on the Bude to Boscastle road. The
name has Saxon origins, meaning the 'holy place of St James' (Jacobus being the
latin for James).
The area is unspoilt and mainly devoted to
agriculture. Besides the Churchtown, the chief village is Southcott.
Most parish and church description(s) on these pages are from Lake's Parochial History of the County of Cornwall by J Polsue (Truro, 1867 - 1873)
The Cornwall Family History
have published Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church - 276 entries.
Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the
Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family
History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.
Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:
- 1841. The 1841 Census of Jacobstow (HO107/151), Enumeration
Districts 8 and 9, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- The 1851 Census of Jacobstow (HO107/1897), Enumeration
Districts 3a and 3b, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- The New Zealand Society of Genealogists have compiled separate surname
indexes of the 1851 Census for each Cornish registration district; Jacobstow is listed in
Volume 5. The booklets are available in Cornwall at the
Cornwall Centre, (formerly known as the Cornish Studies Library), and is
also available in the Cornwall FHS Library.
- 1861. The 1861 Census of Jacobstow (RG9/1514), Enumeration
District 5B and 6B, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- 1871. The 1871 Census of Jacobstow (RG10/2217), Enumeration
Districts 5 and 6, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- 1881. The 1881 Census of Jacobstow (RG11/2271), Enumeration
Districts 5 and 6, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- 1891. The 1891 Census of Jacobstow (RG12/1798) is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project as follows:
- Anglican. The parish
church is located in OS Grid Square SX1995 and was dedicated to St James.
The church comprises a chancel, nave, and north and south aisles. The arcades
each have four four-centred arches of granite supported on monolith pillars of
the same material. The rood stairs are in the north wall. The south porch is
embattled; there is also a north door and a priest's door.
The tower, which
is also built of granite, is of three stages, and is finished with battlements
and crocketed pinnacles. The tower contains six bells.
Evidence of a
Saxon church can be found in the Holy Water Stoup beside the South entrance of
the present church, as it is thought to be constructed from part of the Saxon
font. There was a Norman church on this site which must have replaced an
earlier building. The Norman Font is a splendid example of the period
(1150-1200) and is cut from Tintagle Greenstone. A very similar font in
Polyphant Stone is to be found in St Werburgha's in Warbstow - it, too, has
geometric patterns encircled by strange serpents and Norman male heads at the
four corners; there are nine such fonts in Cornwall which appear to be the work
of the same craftsman.
The present church dates from a major rebuilding
which took place in the 15th century. Details about the plans of the modern church are available on-line.
There is another church at Carnworthy in this parish which was built in 1899; it is dedicated to St Sidwell. Details about this plans of the modern church are available on-line.
- Non-Conformist. There was a chapel for the Bible Christians in the Churchtown.
- LDS Church Records.
- The LDS Church batch numbers for Jacobstow are: C023101/2, E023101, M023101/3. These are searchable by surname.
- The IGI coverage for this parish is 1612 - 1895.
- The Cornwall Record Office holdings: Baptisms 1653 - 1869, Burials 1653 - 1811,
Marriages 1656 - 1837, Boyd's Marriage Index 1612 - 1812, Pallot's Marriage Index 1790 - 1812, BTs 1612 - 1673.
- The Cornwall Family History
Society have published transcripts of
- Pre 1813 Marriages
- 1813-37 Marriages
- 1813-37 Burials.
- Non-Conformist records are increasingly being added to the OPC database. Coverage of these can be found on-line.
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Marriages 1612 to 1837, which is available in Book, CD or downloadable .pdf file formats.
- Phillimore's marriages 1656 to 1812, and marriage transcriptions 1837 to 1911, for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornish Forefathers' Society have published on CD, baptisms 1705 to 1837 for this parish.
- Burials 1653 to 1936 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Burials 1813 to 1837, which is available in Book format.
The parish of Jacobstow is in the Stratton
Registration District, and has been since 1st July 1837; there were
sub-districts at Kilhampton, Stratton and Week St Mary but these have now been
abolished. Parishes within the district are: Jacobstow, Kilkhampton, Launcells, Marhamchurch, Morwenstow, Poughill, Poundstock, St. Gennys, Stratton, Stratton and Bude, Week St. Mary, Whitstone. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: The Parkhouse Centre, Ergue Gaberic Way, Bude, EX23 8LF. Tel: 01288 353209.
- ePodunk's Cornwall page - providing general, plus some historical and genealogical information, about Cornwall and its parishes, together with links (mainly relating to general sites and services, rather than ones that are specific to Cornwall or particular parishes).
of Jacobstow are available on-line.
OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted by email.
The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in Jacobstow ecclesiastical parish:
- Hele (Hela), Grid Reference 216979.
- Penhallam (Penallu', Penhalvn), Grid Reference 214975.
Jacobstow parish was part of the Stratton
Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief. Overseers' Accounts
(1834 to 1837) are available in the Cornwall
- Population in 1801 - 432 persons
- Population in 1811 - 489 persons
- Population in 1821 - 571 persons
- Population in 1831 - 638 persons
- Population in 1841 - 585 persons
- Population in 1851 - 487 persons
- Population in 1861 - 462 persons
- Population in 1871 - 446 persons
- Population in 1881 - 428 persons
- Population in 1891 - 375 persons
- Population in 1901 - 369 persons
- Population in 1911 - 372 persons
- Population in 1921 - 312 persons
- Population in 1931 - 327 persons
- Population in 1951 - 336 persons
- Population in 1961 - 321 persons
- Population in 1971 - 306 persons
- Population in 1981 - 305 persons
- Population in 1991 - 403 persons
- Population in 2001 - 421 persons
- Population in 2011 - 494 persons
The parish comprises 4467 acres of land and 4 acres of water.
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