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Lawhitton

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The parish of Lawhitton, (Cornish: Nansgwydhenn), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of East. It is bounded on the north by St Stephens-by-Launceston and Lifton in Devon, on the east by Lifton and Bradstone in Devon from which it is separated by the River Tamar, on the south by Lezant, and on the west by South Petherwin and Launceston (St Mary Magdalene). The Celtic name is Landwithan or Languiton. This small, thinly populated, scenic parish is off the beaten track immediately south-east of Launceston. In medieval times there was a flourishing market in the village, but the nearness of Launceston has tended to kill off any trade in the village. The parish is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Languitetone.

The chief villages of the parish are the Churchtown, Carzantick, and Lewcombe.

Cemeteries

The Cornwall Family History Society have published on-line Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church for:

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Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

The parish of Lawhitton is in the Launceston Registration District, and has been since 1st July 1837. There were sub-districts at Altarnun, Launceston, North Hill, North Petherwin and St Stephen-by-Launceston, but these are now all closed. Parishes within the district were: Altarnun, Boyton, Egloskerry, Laneast, Launceston, Lawhitton, Lewannick, Lezant, Northill, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Stephens by Launceston, St. Thomas the Apostle, St. Thomas Street, South Petherwin, Stokeclimsland, Tremaine, Treneglos, Tresmeer, Trewen, Warbstow.

The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Hendra, Dunheved Road, Launceston, PL15 9JG. Tel: 01566 772464.

Description & Travel

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Genealogy

OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted by email.

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Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in Lawhitton ecclesiastical parish:

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Manors

The Manorial Documents Register (MDR) does not note any surviving records for the manors of Hexworthy and Sheers Barton.

The MDR contains the following information concerning records for Lawhitton Manor:

Further enquiries about these records should be addressed to the staff at the relevant repository.

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Maps

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Occupations

Apprenticeship Indentures for Lawhitton (1818) can be found in the Cornwall Record Office.

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Population

  • Population in 1801 - 289 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 368 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 435 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 485 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 487 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 503 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 435 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 473 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 425 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 361 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 238 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 256 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 227 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 220 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 217 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 215 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 238 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 260 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 266 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 270 persons (Lawhitton Rural)
  • Population in 2011 - 232 persons (Lawhitton Rural)

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Religion & Religious Life

In the May of 1641 it was agreed and ordered that every Member of the House of Commons and House of Lords should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty) to the crown. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor, had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The Protestation Returns of 1642 for Lawhitton are available on-line.

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Statistics

The parish comprises 2339 acres of land.

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