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Linkinhorne

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The parish of Linkinhorne, (Cornish: Lanngynhorn), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of East; it is bounded on the north by Northill and Lezant, on the east by Stoke Climsland and Southill, on the south by St Ive and St Cleer, and on the west by St Cleer and Northill. The parish is divided into two nearly equal parts by the River Lynher, which runs through it from north to south. The name 'Linkinhorne' means Church site (Lann) of Kenhoarn, but the patron saint of local church is St Mylor. In the Domesday Book of 1086 it was called Resleston (town by the ford) and was part of the manor of Rillaton. This parish is divided by the wooded Lynher valley, the west rising steeply to Bodmin Moor while the eastern half is mainly agricultural. At Darley Farm is the Darley Oak which is believed to be over a thousand years old and has a circumference of 36 feet. Another relic of the Bronze Age is The Hurlers, another group of stones. These are reputed to have once been a group of men who were turned to stone for hurling on the sabbath day. The chief villages are the Churchtown, Caradon, Henwood, Rillaton and Rilla Mill.

As a mining district, the western part of this parish is similar to St Cleer to which it adjoins. Tin mining and streaming was being worked here from the mid-17th century.

This parish rests on granite, forming high and barren hills, the sides and summits of which are covered with immense boulders and tons of granite which once furnished employment for a great number of stone-cutters.

Cemeteries

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Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Records Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site. Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Civil Registration

The parish of Linkinhorne has always been in the Liskeard Registration District. There were sub-districts at Callington, Lerrin, Liskeard and Looe; Linkinhorne was under the Callington sub-district which was closed in the 1930's. All BMD registers for Linkinhorne are at Liskeard and always have been. Parishes within the district are: Boconnoc, Broadoak, Callington, Calstock (1837-60), Duloe, East Looe, Lanreath, Lansallos, Lanteglos, Linkinhorne, Liskeard, Liskeard Borough, Menheniot, Morval, Pelynt, St. Cleer, St. Dominick, St. Ive, St. Keyne, St. Martin's, St. Neot, St. Pinnock, St. Veep, Southill, Talland and West Looe. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Graylands, Dean Street, Liskeard, PL14 4AH. Tel: 01579 343442.

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Court Records

Some Quarter Session Records for the parishes of Linkinhorne, South Hill and St Ive, are available on-line.

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Description & Travel

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Directories

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Dwellings

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Genealogy

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Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in Linkinhorne ecclesiastical parish:

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History

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Land and Property

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Manors

The Manorial Documents Register (MDR) maintained by the Historic Manuscripts Commission notes that, so far as can be established, the parish of Linkinhorne contained the manors of:

Carnedon Lyer
Carnedon Prior
Climsland Prior
Linkinhorne
Newland
Rillaton Pengelly
Patrieda
Rillaton
Rillaton Peverell.

The MDR contains the following information for these manors:

The MDR has no note of any documents relating to the manors of Carnedon Lyer, Linkinhorne and Patrieda.

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Maps

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Medical Records

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Newspapers

Newspaper Extracts of events in Linkinhorne, and taken from the CORNISH TIMES 1857, 1858, 1859 & 1862, and the Sherborne & Yeovil Mercury 1773-1778, are available on-line.

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Occupations

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Politics & Government

The Free & Voluntary Present, as the name indicates, is a list of those persons making a voluntary contribution to the King. The list is a record of those persons who went to Launceston on 8th November 1661, from the parishes of St Ive, Linkinhorne and South Hill. The amount they gave is indicated.

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Population

  • Population in 1801 - 924 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 1002 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 1080 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 1159 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 1525 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 2005 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 2551 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 2918 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 2300 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 2012 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 1341 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 1450 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 1309 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 1208 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 1228 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 1087 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 1053 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 1310 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 1475 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 1471 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 1500 persons

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Probate Records

Some Wills & Admons for Linkinhorne parish are available on-line.

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Religion & Religious Life

In the May of 1641 it was agreed and ordered that every Member of the House of Commons and House of Lords should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty) to the crown. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor, had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The Protestation Returns of 1642 for Linkinhorne are available on-line.

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Statistics

The parish comprises 7903 acres of land and 21 acres of water.

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Taxation

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Town Records

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Voting Registers

The Poll books recorded the names of everyone in Cornwall who voted at Parliamentary elections along with the names of the person they voted for. There are three poll books for the County, all at the Cornwall Record Office. 1710 (CF4787), 1774 (DX622), 1790 (PD208). Names for St Ive, Linkinhorne & Southill are available on-line.

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