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Newlyn East

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The parish of St Newlyn East, (Cornish: Eglosniwlin),(usually abbreviated to Newlyn or Newlyn East), is about five miles south of Newquay. It is sometimes known as Newlyn-in-Pydar, and is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Pydar. It is bounded on the north by St Columb Minor and Colan, on the east by St Enoder, on the south by Ladock, St Erme and St Allen, and on the west by Perranzabuloe, Cubert and Crantock. The parish is named after the patron saint of the church, who was believed to have been martyred by her father. In the 19th century it was a thriving mining community whose history was marred by a disaster in 1846 at the East Wheal Rose mine. An unusually heavy thunderstorm on 9th July, lasting an hour and a quarter, flooded the mine and thirty-nine of the miners - chiefly inhabitants of the churchtown and its immediate vicinity, were drowned. The miners dug a 'Pit' in the village as a memorial and as a gesture of thanksgiving. This is still used today for special occasions such as tea treats. The mine was eventually closed in 1881.

The ancient Borough of Mitchell (St Michael) lies partly in this parish and partly in St Enoder. There is an imposing manor house at Trerice, supposed to have been built in 1570. It is a small Elizabethan manor house, about 4 miles south of Newquay, which was once the home of a younger branch of the Arundells; now it is owned by the National Trust and is open to the public. Trerice was once part of the manor of Degimbris which was owned by the Arundells and was once the Domesday manor of Tregedei.
The village is thriving today and has a school, shops and a sub-post office. A considerable portion of the village of Mitchell, formerly a borough, was in this parish. The chief villages are the Churchtown, Mitchell and Fiddler's Green.

Bibliography

St Newlyn East - A History of the Parish was published by the St Newlyn East Local Studies Group in 2000 (ISBN 0 9525692 1 3).

Cemeteries

Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Civil Registration

The parish of Newlyn East was originally in the St Columb Registration District. It is now in the Truro Registration District. There were sub-districts at Newlyn, Padstow and St Columb Major, but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the old St Columb district were: Colan, Crantock, Cubert, Little Petherick, Mawgan in Pyder, Newlyn, Newquay, Padstow, St. Breock, St. Columb Major, St. Columb Minor, St. Enoder, St. Ervan, St. Eval, St. Issey, St. Merryn, St. Wenn.

The address of the Superintendant Registrar in Truro is: Dalvenie House, New County Hall, Truro, TR1 3AY.
Tel: 01872 322241.

Description & Travel

Directories

Genealogy

Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in Newlyn East ecclesiastical parish:

Maps

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Newlyn East parish was part of the St Columb Major Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.

Population

  • Population in 1801 - 735 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 798 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 1045 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 1218 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 1451 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 2152 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 1641 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 1688 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 1414 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 1191 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 1202 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 1119 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 1097 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 1102 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 1233 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 1190 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 1260 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 4040 persons, including 1055 in the village
  • Population in 1991 - 4300 persons, including 1185 in the village
  • Population in 2001 - 1532 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 1635 persons

Statistics

The parish comprises 8371 acres of land.

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