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The small village of Pencoys, (Cornish: Pennkoes), is located two miles south of the town of Redruth on the B3297. The nearby village of Four Lanes stands 250 feet above sea level, overlooking the towns of Redruth and Camborne. Carn Brea is an Iron Age fort dating from 200 B.C. In the past, tin mining and quarrying used to be the main occupations of the area.

The parish was created from part of Wendron parish in 1881. The main village of the parish is Four Lanes.



For 1841 to 1881 - see under Wendron. Census information for this parish (1891-1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Civil Registration

The parish of Pencoys was originally part of Wendron which was in the Helston Registration District; there were sub-districts at Breage, Crowan, Helston, St Keverne and Wendron. It is now in the Kerrier Registration District.

The address of the Registration Office is: The Willows, Church Street, Helston, TR13 8NJ.
Tel: 01326 562848.

Description & Travel

Pictures of Pencoys are available on-line.


OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted by email.


Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Pencoys parish became part of the Helston Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief when it was created.


Pencoys was created from part of Wendron parish in 1881. Population figures before this date are with Wendron.

  • Population in 1881 - 700 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 705 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 642 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 582 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 461 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 430 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 389 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 560 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 680 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 1165 persons (Four Lanes only)
  • Population in 1991 - 2434 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 0 persons


The parish comprises 0000 acres of land.

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