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The Pendeen (Cornish: Penndin) parish name means 'headland of a fort' it was tranferred to the 19th century mining village on the south-west 'toe' of Cornwall. The Geevor tin mine incorporated part of the old Levant mine, with one gallery 2,000 feet below the sea-bed. Pendeen House was the birthplace of William Borlase, the antiquarian and writer on the history of Cornwall.

The parish of Pendeen encompasses several hamlets; Bojewyan, Boscaswell, Lower Boscaswell, Trewellard, Carnyorth and Levant being the main ones. Renowned for its copper and tin mines Pendeen grew in size to serve the mining community until the turn of the century. With the decline of the industry many of its sons emigrated seeking new lives in mines opening up all over the world and there are few old families without some connection to America, Australia, South Africa and other mining areas. The Pendeen Lighthouse, built in 1900, is open to the public. On the 29th October 1919, over 30 miners were trapped and killed in the Levant Mine disater when the man-engine, bringing up miners, failed; reports on this incident are available on-line.

The parish was created from part of St Just-in-Penwith parish on 9th January 1846.

Most parish and church description(s) on these pages are from Lake's Parochial History of the County of Cornwall by J Polsue (Truro, 1867 - 1873)



Census information for this parish (1851 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Civil Registration

Pendeen is in the Penzance Registration District, and has been since its creation. There were originally sub-districts at Marazion, Penzance, St Buryan, St Just, St Ives and Uny-Lelant but these have now been abolished.

The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Alphington House, Alverton Place, Penzance, TR18 4JJ. Tel: 01736 330093.





Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Pendeen parish became part of the Penzance Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief on its creation.


Up to 1981 the population figures were often included as part of St Just-in-Penwith. Those that have been recorded for Pendeen separately are as follows:

Most parish and church description(s) on these pages are from Lake's Parochial History of the County of Cornwall by J Polsue (Truro, 1867 - 1873)
  • Population in 1851 - 3200 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 3513 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 3243 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 2311 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 2281 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 2265 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 2265 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 1927 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 1700 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 1483 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 000 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 000 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 935 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 1091 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 000 persons


The St Just & Pendeen Old Cornwall Society News Page is on-line.

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