Poundstock, (Cornish: Treggorlann), is situated in the Deanery of Trigg Major and Hundred of
Lesnewth. It is bounded on the north by Marhamchurch, on the east by
Marhamchurch and Week St Mary, on the south by Jacobstow and St Gennys, and on
the west by Widemouth Bay. The name Poundstock is Saxon and means 'cattle
enclosure', and the cattle pound was a feature of the village for centuries.
From time immemorial a fair was held at Poundstock on Rogation Monday, and the
revel or Dedication Festival is still observed on that day, the Monday before
Ascension Day. It is recorded as Pondestock in the Domesday Book of
1086. A church has stood upon this spot for 14 centuries, and the mediaeval
Guildhouse which stands nearby is the only surviving one of its kind in
Poundstock is a rural parish on the north coast between Bude
and Boscastle. Penfound Manor to the east, was given to Robert, Count de
Mortain, by William the Conqueror. The Archbishop of Canterbury came to the
parish in 1282, after the Rector of Morwenstow had seized the church and
installed his own man as incumbent. No sooner had the Archbishop departed than
his candidate was evicted. In 1357, at a time of bitter rivalry amongst robbers
and pirates in the area, the assistant curate, William Penfound, was hacked to
death before the altar, and it is said that his ghost may still be seen.
The last of the Penfounds died in the poorhouse in 1847. There is a tale of one
Kate Penfound who attempted to elope with John Trebarfoot of Trebarfoot Manor.
As she was leaving, her father intervened with his sword, and in the ensuing
fight all three were killed.
The chief villages are the Churchtown,
Tregole, and Treskinnick.
The Cornwall Family History
have published Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church - 467 entries.
Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the
Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family
History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.
Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:
- 1841. The 1841 Census of Poundstock (HO107/140), Enumeration
Districts 6 and 7, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- The 1851 Census of Poundstock (HO107/1897), Enumeration
District 4a, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- The New Zealand Society of Genealogists have compiled separate surname
indexes of the 1851 Census for each Cornish registration district; Poundstock is listed in
Volume 5. The booklets are available in Cornwall at the
Cornwall Centre, (formerly known as the Cornish Studies Library), and is
also available in the Cornwall FHS Library from
which it can be purchased.
- 1861. The 1861 Census of Poundstock (RG9/1514) is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project as follows:
- 1871. The 1871 Census of Poundstock (RG10/2217), Enumeration
Districts 1B and 2B, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- 1881. The 1881 Census of Poundstock (RG11/2271), Enumeration
Districts 1 and 2, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- 1891. The 1891 Census of Poundstock (RG12/1798), Enumeration
Districts 7 and 8, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- Anglican. The parish
church is located in OS Grid Square SX2099 and was originally dedicated to
St Neot; it is now dedicated to St. Winwaloe. It consists of a chancel, nave,
north aisle, and south transept. The arcade comprises six four-centred arches
supported on granite pillars. In the north aisle, the arms of the Penfound
family are displayed, dated 1638. There is a south porch a north door, and a
priest's door. The tower is well-proportioned; it has four stages, and is
finished with battlements and pinnacles. The belfry contained five
Details about the plans of the modern church are available on-line.
- Non-Conformist. There was a Wesleyan Methodist chapel and also a Bible Christian
one, adjoining the high road to Stratton.
- LDS Church Records.
- The LDS Church batch numbers for Poundstock are: C023121/2, E023122, M023121/2. These are searchable by surname.
- The IGI coverage for this parish is 1597 - 1875.
- The Cornwall Record Office holdings: Baptisms 1614 - 1974, Burials 1614 - 1974,
Marriages 1614 - 1975, Boyd's Marriage Index 1597 - 1812, Pallot's Marriage Index 1790 - 1812, BTs 1597 - 1673.
- The Cornwall Family History
Society have published on-line transcripts of:
- Pre 1813 Marriages
- 1813-37 Marriages
- 1813-37 Burials
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Marriages 1597 to 1837, which is available in CD or downloadable .pdf file formats.
- Phillimore's marriages 1615 to 1814, and parish transcriptions 1813 to 1911, for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Burials 1813 to 1837, which is available in Book or CD formats.
- Burials 1759 to 1903 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
The parish of Poundstock is in the Stratton
Registration District, and has been since 1st July 1837; there were
sub-districts at Kilhampton, Stratton and Week St Mary but these have now been
abolished. Parishes within the district are: Jacobstow, Kilkhampton, Launcells, Marhamchurch, Morwenstow, Poughill, Poundstock, St. Gennys, Stratton, Stratton and Bude, Week St. Mary, Whitstone. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: The Parkhouse Centre, Ergue Gaberic Way, Bude, EX23 8LF. Tel: 01288 353209.
of Poundstock are available.
OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted by email.
The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in Poundstock ecclesiastical parish:
- Penfound (Penfou, Penfov), Grid Reference 220997.
- Penhalt (Pennalt), Grid Reference 193001.
- Poundstock (Podestot, Pondestoca, Pondestoch), Grid Reference 202995.
- Tregole (Tregal), Grid Reference 193980.
- Widemouth (Witemot), Grid Reference 203012.
- Woolston (Vlnotestona, Vlnodestone), Grid Reference 225021.
- Poundstock parish was part of the Stratton
Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.
- Overseers' Accounts (1742 to 1838) are available in the Cornwall
- Population in 1801 - 617 persons
- Population in 1811 - 635 persons
- Population in 1821 - 744 persons
- Population in 1831 - 727 persons
- Population in 1841 - 672 persons
- Population in 1851 - 651 persons
- Population in 1861 - 534 persons
- Population in 1871 - 515 persons
- Population in 1881 - 522 persons
- Population in 1891 - 496 persons
- Population in 1901 - 434 persons
- Population in 1911 - 423 persons
- Population in 1921 - 469 persons
- Population in 1931 - 479 persons
- Population in 1951 - 698 persons
- Population in 1961 - 621 persons
- Population in 1971 - 622 persons
- Population in 1981 - 645 persons
- Population in 1991 - 790 persons
- Population in 2001 - 805 persons
- Population in 2011 - 925 persons
The parish comprises 4798 acres of land, 2 acres of tidal water and 214
acres of foreshore.
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