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The parish of Roche, (Cornish: An Garrrek), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Powder. It is bounded on the north by St Wenn and Withiel, on the east by Lanivet and Luxulyan, on the south by St Austell and St Stephens-in-Brannel, and on the west by St Dennis and St Columb Major. It is named after the prominent granite tor, known as 'Roche Rock', upon the top of which, according to the legend, a hermit decided to build his cell. It was only accessible by ladders and there are many versions as to who was its occupant. It is now delapidated; portions of the north wall have fallen and the fragment of tracery that remained in the east window has disappeared.

Roche parish is located on high ground north of St Austell, surrounded by moorland wastes. The clay-mining villages of Stenalees and Bugle (also once known as Carn Rosemary) are to the south-east. Tin was also once mined on the Goss Moor. Both the rivers Par and Fal rise in this parish. The chief villages were the Churchtown, Belovely, Tregoss and Tresease.


The Cornwall Family History Society have published Monumental Inscriptions for:

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Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

The parish of Roche has been in the Registration District of St Austell continuously from 1st July 1837. There were sub-districts at Fowey, Grampound, Mevagissey and St Austell, but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the district are: Creed, Fowey, Gorran, Grampound, Mevagissey, Roche, St. Austell, St. Blazey, St. Dennis, St. Ewe, St. Mewan, St. Michael Carhays, St. Sampson, St. Stephen in Brannel, Tywardreath.

The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: 12 Carlyon Road, St Austell, PL25 4LD. Tel: 01726 68974. Fax: 01726 68974.

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Description & Travel

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OPC Assistance.

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Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in Roche ecclesiastical parish:

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Land and Property

The OPC for Roche offers look-ups of Owners of Land in Cornwall 1873 in respect of this parish.

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Apprenticeship Indentures for Roche (1756 - 1836) can be found in the Cornwall Record Office.

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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  • Population in 1801 - 954 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 1161 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 1425 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 1630 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 2041 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 1863 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 1882 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 1863 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 1681 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 1636 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 1624 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 1827 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 1950 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 1965 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 1660 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 1701 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 1778 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 2035 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 2360 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 2876 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 3686 persons

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The parish comprised 6439 acres of land.

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