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St Breward

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St Breward, (Cornish: Havosti), commonly called Simonward, is situated in the Hundred of Trigg and Deanery of Trigg Minor. It is bounded on the north by Advent and St Clether, on the east by Altarnun, on the south by Blisland and St Mabyn, and on the west by St Tudy and Michaelstow. The parish is named after St Breueredus. The parish is often referred to as Simonward and this is possibly a corruption of the saint's name.

The village of St Breward boasts the highest Church in Cornwall at about 700ft above sea-level, and is well known for granite and china clay quarries. Within the parish lie two of Cornwall's best known landmarks: Roughtor and Brown Willy. St Breward is also famous for its granite. It had three quarries: Tordown, Hantergantic and De Lank. Moorland Granite has been used for centuries to build local houses and churches, and stone from the De Lank Quarry was used for important and famous landmarks, such as the Eddystone Lighthouse (1882), the Beachy Head Lighthouse (1900) and London's Tower Bridge (1890). The river De Lank rises and passes through the parish; it is a tributary of the river Camel.

The villages of the parish are the Churchtown, Treswallock, and Higher and Lower Lank.

Cemeteries

The Cornwall Family History Society have published Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church - 446 entries.

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Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

Although originally in the Camelford Registration District, the parish of St Breward is now in the Bodmin Registration District; there were sub-districts at Boscastle and Camelford. Parishes within the Camelford district were: Advent, Davidstow, Forrabury, Lanteglos, Lesnewth, Michaelstow, Minster, Otterham, St. Breward, St. Clether, St. Juliot, St. Teath, Tintagel, Trevalga.

The Superintendant Registrar of Bodmin can be contacted at: Lyndhurst, 66 Nicholas Street, Bodmin, Cornwall, PL31 2AG. Tel: 01208 73677.

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Description & Travel

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Directories

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Genealogy

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History

Lake&39;s Parochial History of the County of Cornwall, Vol 1, 1864 - St Breward is available on-line.

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Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Breward ecclesiastical parish:

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Land & Property

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Maps

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Military Records

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Occupations

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

St Breward parish was part of the Camelford Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.

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Population

  • Population in 1801 - 513 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 506 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 554 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 627 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 724 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 627 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 705 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 815 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 728 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 779 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 863 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 845 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 862 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 881 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 809 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 762 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 776 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 735 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 885 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 880 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 886 persons

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Probate Records

Wills/Indentures/Documents From the Malcolm Mc Carthy Collection and relating to St Breward, are available on-line.

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Religion and Religious Life

In the May of 1641 it was agreed and ordered that every Member of the House of Commons and House of Lords should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty) to the crown. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor, had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The Protestation Returns of 1641 for St Breward are available on-line.

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Statistics

The parish comprises 9415 acres of land and 20 acres of water.

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Taxation

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