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St Columb Major

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Often referred to just as St Columb, the large parish of St Columb Major, (Cornish: Sen Kolomm Veur), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Pydar. It is bounded on the north by Little Petherick and St Issey, on the east by St Wenn, Roche and St Dennis, on the south by St Enoder and Colan, and on the west by St Columb Minor, Mawgan-in-Pydar and St Ervan. A whole area of North Cornwall bears the name of St Columb; it is divided between the parishes of St Columb Major and St Columb Minor. Until relatively recently these were known as Higher and Lower St Columb. These parishes are both named after their patron, Saint Columba.

William of Worcester wrote of an ancient castle at Carloggas, which was in ruins in the medieval period in which he lived; also of a turretted mansion, which had belonged to John Tregoos Esq., but of these no vestiges remain. About two miles south-east of St Columb town stands Castle-an-Dinas, which appears to have been from the pre-Roman Iron Age period. There are other relics from this period in the parish. The Arundells were the most influential family here; Sir John Arundell, who died in 1379, lies buried in the church.

The town of St Columb is built on an eminence, and had a number of good-quality houses. Edward III granted a market here to Sir John Arundell in 1333. A little below the town to the eastwards stood the St Columb Union Workhouse. The principal villages in the parish are: Glivian, Halloon, Lanhizey, Rosedinick, Rosevanion, Ruthvoes (or Ruthvos), Tolskedy, Tregamere, Tregaswith, Tregatilian, Trekenning, Trebadannon, Trevarron, Trevolgas and Trugo. A number of mines were worked in the parish - both tin and manganese; there was also much good farming.

Cemeteries

The Cornwall Family History Society have published on-line Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church - 350 entries.

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Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

The parish of St Columb Major was originally in the St Columb Registration District. There were sub-districts at Newlyn, Padstow and St Columb Major, but these have now been abolished. It is now in the Registration District of St Austell. Parishes within the old St Columb district were: Colan, Crantock, Cubert, Little Petherick, Mawgan-in-Pydar, Newlyn, Newquay, Padstow, St. Breock, St. Columb Major, St. Columb Minor, St. Enoder, St. Ervan, St. Eval, St. Issey, St. Merryn, St. Wenn.

The Superintendant Registrar of St Austell can be contacted at: 12 Carlyon Road, St Austell, PL25 4LD. Tel: 01726 68974. Fax: 01726 68974.

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Description & Travel

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Genealogy

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Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Columb Major ecclesiastical parish:

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Land & Property

Family Deeds. The Family Deeds Project provides a large amount of FREE online information to help you with your family history using information contained in our collection of old deeds and documents. These documents can contain a wealth of information for family historians and so the Family Deeds project was created with the aim of trying to preserve some of that information and make it easily available to all. The deeds relating to St Columb are on-line.

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Maps

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Population

  • Population in 1801 - 1816 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 2070 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 2493 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 2790 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 3064 persons plus 82 in the St Columb Major Workhouse
  • Population in 1851 - 2930 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 2875 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 2752 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 2739 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 2612 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 2260 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 2640 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 2880 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 3051 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 3151 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 3441 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 3953 persons
  • Population in St Columb parish (less village) in 1981 - 2670 persons
  • Population in St Columb village in 1981 - 1871 persons
  • Population in St Columb parish (less village) in 1991 - 3165 persons
  • Population in St Columb village in 1991 - 2320 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 3984 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 4587 persons

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Societies

The St Columb Major Old Cornwall Society News Page is on-line.

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Statistics

The parish comprises 12875 acres of land and 9 acres of water.

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