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St Dennis

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The parish of St Dennis, (Cornish: Dinas), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Powder. It is bounded on the north by the parish of Roche, on the east by Roche and St Stephen-in-Brannel, on the south by St Stephen-in-Brannel, and on the west by St Enoder and St Columb Major. It is named after St Denys the Martyr, although as the Church is on a hill top, the name may be a corruption of the Cornish word Dinas, meaning 'Hill Fort'. Dimilioc represents a smaller hillfort inland 20 miles south of Tintagel now occupied by the parish Church of St Dennis - it is within an estate listed as Dimelihoc in the Doomsday Book of 1086. In the reign of Henry VIII, St Denys was the only parish in Cornwall with the prefix 'Saint'.

The parish lies to the north-west of St Austell and is bounded to its north-west by the River Fal and the countryside consists of a number of small villages and hamlets. The main industry is china clay extraction in the south of the parish and farming in the north; most of the farmland is pasture. There is an area of moorland called Goss Moor to the north. The Churchtown was built up for miners and comrises numerous cottages. The villages are Hendra, Whitebait, Treleaver, and Ennis-Cavan.

Cemeteries

The Cornwall Family History Society have published on-line Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church - 935 entries.

Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Civil Registration

The parish of St Dennis has been in the Registration District of St Austell continuously from 1st July 1837. There were sub-districts at Fowey, Grampound, Mevagissey and St Austell, but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the district are: Creed, Fowey, Gorran, Grampound, Mevagissey, Roche, St. Austell, St. Blazey, St. Dennis, St. Ewe, St. Mewan, St. Michael Carhays, St. Sampson, St. Stephen in Brannel, Tywardreath. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: 12 Carlyon Road, St Austell, PL25 4LD. Tel: 01726 68974. Fax: 01726 68974.

Description & Travel

Genealogy

The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted by email.

Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Dennis ecclesiastical parish:

Land & Property

Maps

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

St Dennis parish was part of the St Austell Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.

Population

  • Population in 1801 - 318 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 478 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 592 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 721 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 828 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 888 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 993 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 1064 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 1235 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 1302 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 1632 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 2030 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 2158 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 2359 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 2534 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 2121 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 2180 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 2015 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 2249 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 2696 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 2810 persons

Societies

The St Denys & District Old Cornwall Society News Page is on-line.

Statistics

The parish comprised 3231 acres of land and 9 acres of water.

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