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St Erney

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The parish of St Erney, (Cornish: Sen Erni), has always been closely associated with Landrake. It is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of East. It is bounded on the north by Landrake, on the east by the estuary of the River Lynher which separates it from the parish of St Stephen-by-Saltash, and on the south west by St German's Creek and the River Tidi which separates it from the parishes of Sheviock and St Germans. St Erney was the mother Church of Landrake, although it has since become suborinate to it, and - for civil purposes - is often merged under the name of that parish as "Landrake-with-St Erney".

St Erney is a small village and parish in south-east Cornwall four miles to the west of Plymouth. The village of Markwell, within the parish, is pleasantly situated on the banks of the river Tiddy, opposite the town of St Germans.

Cemeteries

The Cornwall Family History Society have published Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church - 263 entries.

Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1891) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Many church vital events relating to St Erney are recorded in the records of the parish of Landrake.

Civil Registration

The parish of St Erney is in the St Germans Registration District, and has been since 1st July 1837; there were sub-districts at Antony, St Germans and Saltash but they have now been abolished. Parishes within the district were: Antony, Botusfleming, Landrake, Landulph, Maker, Millbrook, Pillaton, Quethiock, Rame, St. Erney, St. Germans, St. John's, St. Mellion, St. Stephen's, Saltash, Sheviock, Torpoint.

The Superintendant Registrar of St Germans can be contacted at: Ploughastel Drive, Saltash, Cornwall, PL12 6DL. Tel: 01752 842624.

Description & Travel

Genealogy

OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted by email.

Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Erney ecclesiastical parish:

Maps

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

St Erney parish was part of the St Germans Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.

Population

Population figures for this parish were invariably enumerated with Landrake parish.

  • Population in 1841 - 81 persons (St Erney only)
  • Population in 1851 - 79 persons (St Erney only)
  • Population in 1861 - 79 persons (St Erney only)
  • Population in 1871 - 759 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 759 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 686 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 632 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 1049 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 610 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 616 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 715 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 611 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 644 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 800 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 1070 persons (Landrake with St Erney)
  • Population in 2001 - 1001 persons (Landrake with St Erney)
  • Population in 2011 - 1082 persons (Landrake with St Erney)

In the 1991 census, this parish was enumerated as part of Landrake with St Erney, Botusfleming & Landulph Parishes.

Statistics

The parish comprises 844 acres of land.

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