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St Erth

The parish of St Erth, (Cornish: Lannudhno), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Penwith. It was bounded on the north by Phillack, on the east by Gwinear and Crowan, on the south by Breage and St Hilary, and on the west by Ludgvan and Lelant. Little is known about St Ercius. from whom this village gets its name. The River Hayle has its source in the parish of Crowan. The parish of St Erth stretches about three miles south from the Hayle estuary and has had a bridge over the river Hayle for at least six hundred years. The railway station was formerly known as the St Ives Road Station and in 1877 this section of railway had the last section of broad gauge track ever laid.

The populous areas were the Churchtown with Lanuthnoe, Trelissick, and Tredrea Lane.

Most parish and church description(s) on these pages are from Lake's Parochial History of the County of Cornwall by J Polsue (Truro, 1867 - 1873)



Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Civil Registration

The parish of St Erth has been in the Penzance Registration District continuously from 1st July 1837. There were originally sub-districts at Marazion, Penzance, St Buryan, St Just, St Ives and Uny-Lelant but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the district are: Gulval, Ludgvan, Madron, Marazion, Morvah, Penzance, Perranuthnoe, St. Buryan, St. Erth, St. Hilary, St. Ives, St. Just in Penwith, St. Levan, St. Michael's Mount, St. Paul, Sancreed, Sennen, Towednack, Uny-Lelant, Wolfe Rock Lighthouse, and Zennor. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Alphington House, Alverton Place, Penzance, TR18 4JJ. Tel: 01736 330093.

Description & Travel



Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Erth ecclesiastical parish:

Land & Property


Names, Personal



Information about the St Ives, Zennor, St Erth Mines, is available on-line.

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.


  • Population in 1801 - 1122 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 1317 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 1604 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 1922 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 2452 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 2457 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 2558 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 2317 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 1995 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 1507 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 1308 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 1210 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 1145 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 1085 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 1066 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 884 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 916 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 1025 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 1135 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 1384 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 1374 persons

Probate Records

Religion & Religious Life


The Penwith Local History Group aims:


The parish comprises 3792 acres of land, 13 acres of water, 27 acres of tidal water and 80 acres of foreshore.


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