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St Hilary

St Hilary, (Cornish: Gorlynn), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Penwith. It is bounded on the north by the parish of St Erth, on the east by Breage and Germoe, on the south by Perranuthnoe and the sea, and on the west by Ludgvan. It is name after the dedication of the local church to St Hilary of Poitiers, a 4th century bishop.

This former little mining village of granite cottages lies north-east of Marazion. Like other mining areas in the past it became notorious for drunkeness and unruly behaviour. In the 1920's the local public house was turned into a children's home for deprived Londoners, and nowadays the village is a much quieter place.

St Hilary has abounded in mines, especially in the manors of Treveneage and Tregurtha, but the most remarkable was a mine called Wheal Fortune which extended into the adjoining parish of Ludgvan. From this mine, the principal shareholders derived a small fortune. The parish of Marazion was created from part of this parish in 1813, but the civil parish of St Michael's Mount has always remained part of this parish ecclesiastically.

Most parish and church description(s) on these pages are from Lake's Parochial History of the County of Cornwall by J Polsue (Truro, 1867 - 1873)


The Cornwall Family History Society have not yet published Monumental Inscriptions for this parish.


Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Civil Registration

The parish of St Hilary has been in the Penzance Registration District continuously from 1st July 1837. There were originally sub-districts at Marazion, Penzance, St Buryan, St Just, St Ives and Uny-Lelant but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the district are: Gulval, Ludgvan, Madron, Marazion, Morvah, Penzance, Perranuthnoe, St. Buryan, St. Erth, St. Hilary, St. Ives, St. Just in Penwith, St. Levan, St. Michael's Mount, St. Paul, Sancreed, Sennen, Towednack, Uny-Lelant, Wolfe Rock Lighthouse, and Zennor. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Alphington House, Alverton Place, Penzance, TR18 4JJ. Tel: 01736 330093.

Description & Travel




Names, Personal

Some family trees are available on-line for St Hilary surnames.

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.


Marazion was created from part of this parish 1813.

Most parish and church description(s) on these pages are from Lake's Parochial History of the County of Cornwall by J Polsue (Truro, 1867 - 1873)
  • Population in 1801 - 990 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 1248 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 1558 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 1728 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 3649 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 1642 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 1914 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 2797 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 957 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 956 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 771 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 728 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 694 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 658 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 682 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 552 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 577 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 645 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 708 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 785 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 922 persons

Probate Records


The parish comprises 2923 acres of land.

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