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St Levan

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The parish of St Levan, (Cornish: Sen Selevan), was originally part of the parish of St Buryan and has been closely connected with it. It is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Penwith. It is bounded on the north by St Buryan, on the east and south by sea, and on the west by Sennen. St Leven takes its name from the patron saint of the church, St Selevan. The parish is ten miles west of Penzance. Porthcurno, on the south coast, was the site of the first cable laid across the Atlantic. Not far from Porthcurno is the Minack Open Air Theatre, built into the cliffs by Rowena Cade in 1932, which has the sea as a backdrop to the stage.

The chief village is Teryn (or Treen). St Levan is also a pleasant village, which in the past relied heavily on shell fishing as source of income. At Porthgwarra (the higher port), a little fishing cove, tunnels are cut through the rock to give access to the sand and ore-weed beach. Penberth Cove is also a fishing place.

Cemeteries

Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Generally speaking the St.Levan Registers do not start until 1700. The very, very early records for St Levan were covered by St Buryan. However some early records have been lost due to lack of care; nevertheless, a few early entries have been salvaged.

Civil Registration

The parish of St Levan has been in the Penzance Registration District continuously from 1st July 1837. There were originally sub-districts at Marazion, Penzance, St Buryan, St Just, St Ives and Uny-Lelant but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the district are: Gulval, Ludgvan, Madron, Marazion, Morvah, Penzance, Perranuthnoe, St. Buryan, St. Erth, St. Hilary, St. Ives, St. Just in Penwith, St. Levan, St. Michael's Mount, St. Paul, Sancreed, Sennen, Towednack, Uny-Lelant, Wolfe Rock Lighthouse, and Zennor. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Alphington House, Alverton Place, Penzance, TR18 4JJ. Tel: 01736 330093.

Description & Travel

Directories

Genealogy

OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted by email.

Maps

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Population

  • Population in 1801 - 400 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 434 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 490 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 515 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 531 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 502 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 447 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 536 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 584 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 629 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 726 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 731 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 627 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 579 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 641 persons*
  • Population in 1961 - 615 persons*
  • Population in 1971 - 600 persons*
  • Population in 1981 - 485 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 525 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 487 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 459 persons

(* includes Wolfe Rock Lighthouse).

Societies

The Penwith Local History Group aims:

Statistics

The parish comprises 2402 acres of land, 3 acres of water and 31 acres of foreshore.

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