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St Stephen-by-Launceston

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St Stephen-by-Launceston, (Cornish: Sen Stefan), (sometimes just called St Stephens or St Stephens with Newport) is situated in the Deanery of Trigg Major and Hundred of East. It is bounded on the north by the parish of North Petherwin and Werrington, on the east by Werrington and the Devon parish of Lifton, on the south by Lawhitton, Launceston and St Thomas-by-Launceston, and on the west by Egloskerry. Originally known as 'Lann-Stephen', church site of St Stephen. This ancient town guarded the gateway to Cornwall in medieval times, being on the main northern route into the county. The South Gate of Robert of Mortain's 11th century castle still survives, restricting the traffic to one lane.

The parish contains the villages of yeolmbridge, Dutson, Langore and Truscott; the pleasant town of Newport is situated between the Churchtown and Launceston, from which it is separated by an ancient bridge of three arches over the River Kinsey. Newport sent members to Parliament from 1552 until the seats were abolished by the Reform Act in 1832. The parish is also bounded on three sides by rivers: on the north by the Attery, on the east by the Tamar, on the south by the Kinsey. The eastern part of the parish is composed of clay slate, calcareous schist, limestone, etc.;the western part rests on quartzous rocks and felspar.

Cemeteries

The Cornwall Family History Society have published Monumental Inscriptions for:

Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

In the 18th century, the parish chest, in which deeds, etc. of various charitable records were kept, was stolen. Some years after, in repairing the house in which the clergyman resided, it was found walled up under the parlour windows, but it was empty.

Civil Registration

The parish of St Stephen-by-Launceston is in the Launceston Registration District, and has been since 1st July 1837. There were sub-districts at Altarnun, Launceston, North Hill, North Petherwin and St Stephen-by-Launceston, but these are now all closed. Parishes within the district were: Altarnun, Boyton, Egloskerry, Laneast, Launceston, Lawhitton, Lewannick, Lezant, Northill, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Stephens by Launceston, St. Thomas the Apostle, St. Thomas Street, South Petherwin, Stokeclimsland, Tremaine, Treneglos, Tresmeer, Trewen, Warbstow.

The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Hendra, Dunheved Road, Launceston, PL15 9JG. Tel: 01566 772464.

Description & Travel

Genealogy

Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Stephen-by-Launceston ecclesiastical parish:

Maps

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

St Stephens-by-Launceston parish was part of the Launceston Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.

Population

  • Population in 1801 - 738 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 896 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 977 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 1084 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 1068 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 934 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 873 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 929 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 959 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 1107 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 1059 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 308 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 331 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 297 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 302 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 268 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 247 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 285 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 330 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 312 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 308 persons

Statistics

The parish comprised 3949 acres of land.

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