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St Stephen-in-Brannel

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St Stephen-in-Brannel(Cornish: Eglosstefan), (sometimes referred to as St Stephens-in-Brannel, or just St Stephens) is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Powder. It is bounded on the north by St Dennis and Roche, on the east by St Austell and St Mewan, on the south by Creed and Probus, and on the west by Ladock and St Enoder. The parish is named after Saint Stephen and the addition of the manor name. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1085 as Bernel. It lies in the centre of Cornwall, north-east of Grampound. The village of St Stephen is on the A3058 road linking Newquay and St Austell. It is on the northern edge of the china clay industry which encouraged the growth of the village to the present population of over 5,000. The Tanner family resided in the manor house at Court for many generations.

The chief villages of the parish are the Churchtown, Whitemoor, Currian and Nanpean. Nanpean (means Little Valley). Nanpean was chosen as the site for a chemical plant for the recovery of aluminium as a by-product from the nearby china clay workings during World War II when this metal was in short supply. However this industry is no longer undertaken in Nanpean.

Cemeteries

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Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Records Office. The Cornwall FHS offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

The parish of St Stephen-in-Brannel has been in the Registration District of St Austell continuously from 1st July 1837. There were sub-districts at Fowey, Grampound, Mevagissey and St Austell, but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the district are: Creed, Fowey, Gorran, Grampound, Mevagissey, Roche, St. Austell, St. Blazey, St. Dennis, St. Ewe, St. Mewan, St. Michael Carhays, St. Sampson, St. Stephen in Brannel, Tywardreath. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: 12 Carlyon Road, St Austell, PL25 4LD. Tel: 01726 68974. Fax: 01726 68974.

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Description & Travel

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Genealogy

OPC Assistance.

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Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Stephen-in-Brannel ecclesiastical parish:

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Land & Property

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Land & Property

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Maps

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Military Records

The 1798 Stannary List gives the Names of all MINERS and WORKING TINNERS, between the Ages of 15 and 60 Years, living within the Parish of St. Stephens distinguishing which of them are willing to engage themselves to be armed, arrayed, trained and exercised for the Defence of the Realm; and which of them are willing to engage in Cases of Emergency, either gratuitously or for Hire, as PIONEERS or LABOURERS, and which of them by reason of Infirmity are incapable of actual Service.

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Names, Personal

Available research of families having surnames occurring in St Stephen-in-Brannel, is available. This includes details of some local families.

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Newspapers

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Population

  • Population in 1801 - 1738 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 1904 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 2479 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 2477 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 2643 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 2711 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 2746 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 3110 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 3228 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 3590 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 4146 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 4831 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 5064 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 4801 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 4436 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 4782 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 4999 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 5030 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 5488 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 6755 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 7119 persons

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Probate Records

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Religion and Religious Life

In the May of 1641 it was agreed and ordered that every Member of the House of Commons and House of Lords should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty) to the crown. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor, had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted. The Protestation Returns for St Stephen-in-Brannel in 1642 are available on-line.

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Statistics

The parish consists of 9251 acres of land and 41 acres of water.

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Taxation

The 1660 Poll Tax and the Land Tax Redemptions - 1799 have been transcribed.

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