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St Stephens-by-Saltash

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The parish of St Stephens-by-Saltash, (Cornish: Treveu), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of East. It is bounded on the north by Botus Fleming and Landulph, on the east by the River Tamar, the town of Saltash and the (once) Cornish part of St Budeaux, on the south by St Germans Creek, and on the west by the River Lynher which separates it from St Erney and Landrake. A detached part of the parish, called Howton, is bounded by Pillaton, Botus Fleming, Landrake and Quethiock.

This parish originally covered the town of Saltash, until a separate ecclesiastical parish of Saltash was formed in 1881. It still covers the area west of the town of Saltash, and is the remnant of the original parish when the town was separated from it in 1697. The neighbouring village of St Germans is on the lower reaches of the River Tiddy.
The name of the village is taken from the Bishop of Auxerre, to whom the original church was dedicated. Early in the 12th century it became a priory of Augustinian canons. The manor and castle of Trematon, is the Tremetone in the Domesday Survey of 1086. The remains of the castle comprise a keep, gateway and the bass-court. Quarrying was an important industry in this parish.

The main villages are the Churchtown, Burraton, Elmgate, Forder, Longlands, Notter, Trehan, Trematon, Trevollard, Wearde, Antony Passage and Carkeel. The Churchtown is now just a suburb of Saltash town; in 1951, St Stephens became part of Saltash civil parish again.

Cemeteries

Monumental inscriptions for this parish have not yet been recorded.

Census

Census information for parishes in this town (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Civil Registration

The parish of St Stephens-by-Saltash is in the St Germans Registration District, and has been since 1st July 1837; there were sub-districts at Antony, St Germans and Saltash but they have now been abolished. Parishes within the district were: Antony, Botusfleming, Landrake, Landulph, Maker, Millbrook, Pillaton, Quethiock, Rame, St. Erney, St. Germans, St. John's, St. Mellion, St. Stephen's, Saltash, Sheviock, Torpoint.

The Superintendant Registrar of St Germans can be contacted at: Ploughastel Drive, St Germans, Cornwall. Tel: 01752 842624.

Description & Travel

Genealogy

OPC Assistance.

Historical Geography

The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Stephens-by-Saltash ecclesiastical parish:

Maps

Occupations

Apprenticeship Indentures for St Stephens-by-Saltash (1744 - 1832) can be found in the Cornwall Record Office.

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Population

The parish was created from part of Saltash parish in 1697. From 1951 onwards St Stephens became part of Saltash civil parish again.

  • Population in 1801 - 1004 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 1121 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 1325 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 1455 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 1422 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 1374 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 1387 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 1377 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 1421 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 1516 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 2109 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 2422 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 2925 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 2727 persons

Statistics

The parish comprises 5833 acres of land and 1200 acres of water.

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