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St Thomas-by-Launceston

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The parish of St Thomas, (Cornish: Sen Tommas), (often referred to as St Thomas the Apostle) is situated in the Deanery of Trigg Major and the Hundred of East. It is bounded on the north by St Stephens, on the east by St Stephens and Launceston, on the south by South Petherwin, and on the west by Trewen and Egloskerry.
In the 1841 and 1851 Censuses, the parish was split between the borough of Launceston and a rural part which, for some reason had always been known as St. Thomas Hamlet or St. Thomas Street (or both); however, it is a part of St Thomas-by-Launceston parish. This became an enumeration district in these early censuses, and it is in these that its inhabitants recorded their origins.
St Thomas-by-Launceston is now a parish wholly within the borough of Launceston. This ancient town guarded the gateway to Cornwall in medieval times, being on the main northern route into the county. There is only one village in this parish and that is Tregadillet.

Cemeteries

The Cornwall Family History Society have published on-line Monumental Inscriptions for:

Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Church Records

Civil Registration

The parish of St Thomas-by-Launceston is in the Launceston Registration District, and has been since 1st July 1837. There were sub-districts at Altarnun, Launceston, North Hill, North Petherwin and St Stephen-by-Launceston, but these are now all closed. Parishes within the district were: Altarnun, Boyton, Egloskerry, Laneast, Launceston, Lawhitton, Lewannick, Lezant, Northill, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Stephens by Launceston, St. Thomas the Apostle, St. Thomas Street, South Petherwin, Stokeclimsland, Tremaine, Treneglos, Tresmeer, Trewen, Warbstow.

The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Hendra, Dunheved Road, Launceston, PL15 9JG. Tel: 01566 772464.

Description & Travel

Genealogy

Maps

Occupations

Apprenticeship Indentures for St Thomas-by-Launceston (1794 - 1802) can be found in the Cornwall Record Office.

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

St Thomas-by-Launceston parish was part of the Launceston Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.

Population

Population totals vary. There were two generally taken: one for the parish of St Thomas the Apostle (Urban) and one for St Thomas Street (Rural).

  • Population in 1801 - 355 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 459 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 608 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 826 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 1125 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 1004 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 887 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 955 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 736 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 352 persons (Urban) and 924 persons (Rural)
  • Population in 1901 - 332 persons (Urban) and 746 persons (Rural)
  • Population in 1911 - 887 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 266 persons (Urban) and 671 persons (Rural)
  • Population in 1931 - 0 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 0 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 0 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 0 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 665 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 820 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 815 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 836 persons

Statistics

The parish comprises 2158 acres of land.

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