The parish of St Wenn, (Cornish: Sen Gwenna), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Pydar. It is
bounded on the north by St Issey and St Breock, on the east by Withiel, on the
south by Roche, and on the west by St Columb Major. St Wenna was believed to be
the daughter of the Welsh king Broccan. The parish is in an agricultural area
in the middle of Cornwall between St Austell and Padstow. To the north is the
moorland area of St Breock Downs, which in prehistoric times was an overland
route from the port of Padstow to the south coast. That area of St Breock
Downs, which is within this parish, rises to a height of 739 feet. A tall
monolith, known as the Great Stone, is the parish
The Cornwall Family History
Society have published on-line Monumental Inscriptions for:
Villages are the Churchtown, Tregonetha, and Rosnannon.
- The Parish Church - 139 entries.
- Tregonetha Methodist Chapel - 19 entries.
Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the
Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family
History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.
Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:
- 1841. The 1841 Census of St Wenn (HO107/150), (Enumeration
Districts 12 and 13), is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- 1851. The 1851 Census of St Wenn (HO107/1905), (Enumeration
Districts 3a and 3b) is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census
- 1861. The 1861 Census of St Wenn (RG9/1543) (Enumeration
Districts 10 and 11), is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- 1871. The 1871 Census of St Wenn (RG10/2256), Enumeration
Districts 10B and 11A,is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- 1881. The 1881 Census of St Wenn (RG11/2297), Enumeration
Districts 5 and 6, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- 1891. The 1891 Census of St Wenn (RG12/1819), (Enumeration
District 12 and 13), is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- Anglican. The parish church is located in OS Grid Square SW9664 and was dedicated to St Wenna. It comprises a
chancel (which was rebuilt in 1823), nave, and north and south aisles. The
arcades each comprise three depressed four-centred arches supported on monolith
pillars; the material is St Stephens porcelain stone. The chief entrance is a
south porch; a north door and a west door to the north aisle are blocked up.
The tower only consists of two stages; a third was destroyed by lightning in
1663. It is of massive proportions and superior workmanship showing that it
once was a noble structure. It is buttressed on the square. The belfry
contained five bells.
A chapel at Carenzawatha was dedicated to St Mary
Magdalane; it was destroyed in the Civil War and only some slight remains are
Details about the plans of the modern church are available on-line. Further information and
history of the church is available.
- Non-Conformist. There were Bible Christian
chapels at Tregonetha and Rosnannon; the Wesleyan Methodists had a chapel at
- LDS Church Records.
- The LDS Church batch numbers for St Wenn are: C053481, C021582, P021581. These are searchable by surname.
- The IGI coverage of this parish is 1608 - 1875.
- The Cornwall Record Office holdings: Baptisms 1706 - 1865, Burials 1706 - 1892,
Marriages 1706 - 1968, Boyd's Marriage Index 1609 - 1812, Pallot's Marriage Index 1790 - 1812, BTs 1609 - 1673.
- The Cornwall Family History
Society have published on-line transcripts of:
- Pre 1813 Marriages
- 1813-37 Marriages
- 1813-37 Burials
- Other Non-Conformist Records. OPC Coverage of Non-Conformist records of this parish is available.
- Baptisms 1708 to 1912 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- St Wenn Methodist Chapels' baptisms 1890 to 1901 are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornish Forefathers' Society have published on CD baptisms 1724 to 1851 for this parish.
- Cornwall Legacy have published on CD: baptisms (1839 to 1900) of the St Columb Wesleyan Methodist Circuit. Areas include: St Columb, Summercourt, Newquay, Padstow, St Stephens, St Enoder, St Dennis, St Issey, St Wenn and Colan.
- Cornwall Legacy have also published on CD baptisms (1838 to 1900) of the St Columb Bible Christian Circuit. Areas include: St Columb, St Dennis, St Stephens, St Enoder, Roche, St Mawgan, Ladock, Newquay, St Wenn, St Eval, St Merryn and Perranzabuloe.
- Cornwall Legacy have also published on CD, baptisms (1838 to 1900) of the St Ervan Bible Christian Circuit. The Circuit covers St Ervan, St Breock, St Wenn, St Issey, Padstow, Roche, St Dennis, St Columb, St Merryn, St Eval, St Enoder, Little Petherick, Egloshayle, Wadebridge, Mawgan-in-Pydar and Colan.
- Banns. Banns 1754 to 1812, and 1823 to 1911 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Marriages in the Parish 1678 to 1837, which is available in CD or downloadable .pdf file formats.
- Phillimore marriages 1678 to 1812, and marriage transcrips 1706 to 1910, in this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
The parish of St Wenn was originally in the St Columb Registration District.
There were sub-districts at Newlyn, Padstow and St Columb Major, but these have
now been abolished. It is now in the Registration District of St Austell. Parishes within the old St Columb district were: Colan, Crantock, Cubert, Little Petherick, Mawgan-in-Pydar, Newlyn, Newquay, Padstow, St. Breock, St. Columb Major, St. Columb Minor, St. Enoder, St. Ervan, St. Eval, St. Issey, St. Merryn, St. Wenn.
The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: 12 Carlyon Road, St Austell, PL25 4LD. Tel: 01726 68974. Fax: 01726 68974.
- ePodunk's Cornwall page - providing general, plus some historical and genealogical information, about Cornwall and its parishes, together with links (mainly relating to general sites and services, rather than ones that are specific to Cornwall or particular parishes).
- OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line.
- Susan Old is undertaking the reconstruction of parishes in the Hundred of Pydar.
St Wenn parish was part of the St
Columb Major Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.
- Population in 1801 - 358 persons
- Population in 1811 - 452 persons
- Population in 1821 - 589 persons
- Population in 1831 - 649 persons
- Population in 1841 - 725 persons
- Population in 1851 - 650 persons
- Population in 1861 - 580 persons
- Population in 1871 - 585 persons
- Population in 1881 - 541 persons
- Population in 1891 - 423 persons
- Population in 1901 - 182 persons
- Population in 1911 - 395 persons
- Population in 1921 - 378 persons
- Population in 1931 - 388 persons
- Population in 1951 - 406 persons
- Population in 1961 - 364 persons
- Population in 1971 - 318 persons
- Population in 1981 - 295 persons
- Population in 1991 - 320 persons
- Population in 2001 - 335 persons
- Population in 2011 - 299 persons
The parish comprises 4695 acres of land.
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