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Stithians

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The parish of Stithians (or Stythians), (Cornish: Sen Stedhyans), is in the Deanery and Hundred of Kerrier. It is bounded on the north by Gwennap, on the east by Perranarworthal and St Gluvias, on the south by Mabe and Constantine, and on the west by Wendron. The name is taken from the dedication of the church to St Stithian. The little River Kennel (Tretheage) rises near Carn Meneles and intersected the parish. In the 19th century, the river worked a number of flour mills, and machinery at a foundry and paper works. On its course into Restronguet Creek, it was thought to have turned forty water wheels.

Stithians is bordered in the north by the old tin mining area of Camborne and Redruth, to the south by stone quarries and to the west by the large 300-odd acre Stithians Reservoir. The parish is mainly an agricultural one which is located south of the Gwennap mining area and north of the quarrying areas of Rame and Longdown. About three hundred acres of Stithians Reservoir lie to the west of the village and now offers recreation such as fishing, sailing and bird watching. Stithians is well known for the annual Agricultural Show held in mid-July.

The principal villages are the Churchtown, Crellow, Carnmeor, Menerdue, Penhalurick, Penhalvean, Tregolls, Trembroath, Tresevern, Foundry, and Goonlaze.

Cemeteries

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Census

Census information for parishes in this town (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

The parish of Stithians was originally in the Redruth Registration District. There were sub-districts at Camborne, Gwennap, Illogan, Phillack and Redruth which have now been abolished. It is now part of the Falmouth Registration District. Parishes in this registration district were: Camborne, East Phillack, Gwennap, Gwinear, Gwithian, Illogan, Phillack, Redruth, St. Sithian's, West Phillack.

The Superintendant Registrar of Falmouth can be contacted at: Berkely House, 12-14 Berkeley Vale, Falmouth, TR11 3PH. Tel: 01326 312606.

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Description & Travel

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Directories

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Genealogy

OPC Assistance.

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Historical Geography

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Maps

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Military Records

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Stithians parish was part of the Falmouth Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.

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Population

  • Population in 1801 - 1269 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 1394 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 1688 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 1874 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 2530 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 2385 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 2358 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 2174 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 1823 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 1768 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 1713 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 1584 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 1522 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 1463 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 1380 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 1290 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 1435 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 1930 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 2043 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 2004 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 2121 persons

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Probate Records

Wills & Admons for Stithian parish, 1665-1729 are available on-line.

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Religion & Religious Life

In the May of 1641 it was agreed and ordered that every Member of the House of Commons and House of Lords should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty) to the crown. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor, had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The Protestation Returns of 1642 for Stithians are available on-line.

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Statistics

The parish comprised 4356 acres of land and 5 acres of water.

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Taxation

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Voting Registers

The 1834 List of Eligible Voters for the Cornish Parish of St Stithians is available on-line courtesy of the OPC.

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