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Towednack

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Towednack, (Cornish: Tewunnek), is situated in the Western Division of the Deanery and Hundred of Penwith; it is bounded on the north by St Ives; on the east by Lelant; on the south by Ludgvan and Gulval; and on the west by Zennor and the sea.

According to O.J.Padel, this name is derived from To-Winnow, a pet-form name of St Winwaloe, to whom the local church is dedicated. Towednack is west and south of St. Ives; the name Towednack is derived from middle Cornish to, "thy" Wednack. The remoteness of the 13th century church, situated south-west of St Ives, suggests it was built on the site of a Celtic hermitage rather than to serve a village. Evidence of Bronze Age habitation has been discovered in the area. In the Domesday Book of 1086, this district was taxed under the jurisdiction of Amall, now Amall Veor or Trenwith.

The chief villages of the parish are the Churchtown, Nancledra, and Trevidge Veor (or Trevessa).

Cemeteries

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Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

Surviving church registers date from 1676. Whilst the Towednack Parish Register (PR) does not begin until 1676, there are extant Bishop's Transcripts (BTs) to help fill the gaps back to the 1500s. However, they are very sparse, and contain many missing years. The Towednack PR is missing for the years 1707-1720. This gap is partially filled by the extant BTs, and these are missing the years 1706, 1707, 1709, 1710, 1713, and 1714.

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Civil Registration

The parish of Towednack has been in the Penzance Registration District continuously from 1st July 1837. There were originally sub-districts at Marazion, Penzance, St Buryan, St Just, St Ives and Uny-Lelant but these have now been abolished. Parishes within the district are: Gulval, Ludgvan, Madron, Marazion, Morvah, Penzance, Perranuthnoe, St. Buryan, St. Erth, St. Hilary, St. Ives, St. Just in Penwith, St. Levan, St. Michael's Mount, St. Paul, Sancreed, Sennen, Towednack, Uny-Lelant, Wolfe Rock Lighthouse, and Zennor. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Alphington House, Alverton Place, Penzance, TR18 4JJ. Tel: 01736 330093.

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Description & Travel

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Directories

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Genealogy

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History

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Manors

The Manor of Ludgvan Lese covered parts of the parishes of Ludgvan, St. Ives, Zennor and Towednack. The abstracts of the Manorial Records 1688-1739, which are taken from LDS film #1471491, are available on-line.

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Maps

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Population

  • Population in 1801 - 465 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 532 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 582 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 736 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 967 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 1057 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 1007 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 849 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 644 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 363 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 328 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 328 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 355 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 346 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 294 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 292 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 270 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 270 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 330 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 370 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 394 persons

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Probate Records

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Societies

The Penwith Local History Group aims:

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Statistics

The parish comprises 2400 acres of land.

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