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The City of Truro is the administrative capital of Cornwall. The name Truro, (Cornish: Truru), is thought to have been taken from a castle that once stood here.

The City contains the only Cathedral in Cornwall. Truro is a pleasant shopping centre, and has the advantage of being surrounded on most sides with open countryside. Situated at the junction of the Kenwyn and Allen rivers and having an outlet to the sea on the south Cornish coast, it was for a long time a busy port and centre of commerce. Truro was also the chief coinage town of the county and much tin raised in the county was shipped from its quays. Its decline as a port has also led to the disappearance of some industries. The status of town borough was granted by charter in 1140, but a small settlement had existed in the area for a long time before that. As a borough it had sent 2 members of Parliament to Westminster from 1218. The borough consisted of St Mary's parish and a very small portion of Kenwyn. In 1835, the municipal franchise was extended into St Clement and an additional portion of Kenwyn.

In 1877 it was granted city status and three years later the foundation stone of the cathedral was laid. This was the first cathedral to be built in England since 1710, a site being chosen right in the centre of the town incorporating part of the 16th century parish church of St.Marys. The three spires dominate the skyline. Truro was formally granted the status of a city in the early part of the 20th Century. The County Courts are in the city as well as the County Record Office. A famous steam train, The City of Truro, was the first to exceed 100mph in the first decade of the 20th Century.

Further information on the history of Truro is available.

Archives & Libraries

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

The City of Truro has been in the Truro Registration District continuously from 1st July 1837. There were sub-districts at Kea, Kenwyn, Probus, St. Agnes, St. Clement and St Just-in-Roseland, but these have now been abolished. Parishes in this registration district are: Cornelly, Cuby, Feock, Gerrans, Kea, Kenwyn, Ladock, Lamorran, Merther, Perranzabuloe, Philleigh, Probus, Ruan Lanihorne, St. Agnes, St. Allen, St. Anthony in Roseland, St. Clement, St. Erme, St. Feock, St. Just in Roseland, St. Michael Penkevil, Tregavethan, Tregony St. James, Truro St. Mary, Veryan.

The address of the Registration Office is: Dalvenie House, New County Hall, Truro, TR1 3AY.
Tel: 01872 322241.

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Description & Travel

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OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line.

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Apprenticeship Indentures for Truro (1770 - 1837) can be found in the Cornwall Record Office.

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Population figures are for the whole town/city.

  • Population in 1801 - 7074 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 7446 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 8136 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 8468 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 9901 persons in the parish, and 68 persons in the Union Workhouse
  • Population in 1851 - 10733 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 11337 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 11049 persons, plus 144 on shipping
  • Population in 1881 - 10619 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 11131 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 11562 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 11325 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 10843 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 11801 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 12860 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 13336 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 14849 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 16490 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 16740 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 17431 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 19134 persons

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The Cornwall Family History Society is the Genealogical Society for the county; it was formed in 1976 to assist its members in tracing their Cornish family history. Its offices are at: 5 Victoria Square, Truro, Cornwall, TR1 2RS. (UK Telephone: 01872 264044. Overseas +44 1872 264044. General enqiries can be emailed to the Secretary). There is a research library available, but it has restricted opening hours.


The City of Truro occupies some 190 acres of land.

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