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Wendron (or Gwendron, as it was originally called), (Cornish: Egloswendron), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Kirrier (Kerrier). It was originally bounded on the north by Illogan and Gwennap, on the east by Stithians and Constantine, on the south by Mawgan and Gunwallow, and on the west by Sithney, Crowan and Illogan. The parish of Wendron stretches north-east from the town of Helston which was part of the parish until 1845. Nothing is known about the patron saint of the local church that gave her name to the parish. In the past this was an important tin mining area, and when the mines closed there was severe unemployment. In 1878 the landowner, Lord Robartes, tried to ease the situation by bringing uncultivated land into production. Canon GH Doble, who made a serious study of Cornish and Celtic saints, lived here from 1925 until his death in 1945.

The parishes of Carnmenellis in 1846 and Pencoys in 1881 were created from parts of this parish.

Nearby is Loe Pool where King Arthur's sword Excalibur was found and the Stone Circle known as Nine Maidens. Villages in the original parish included the Churchtown, Coverack Bridges, Lower Town, Trewennack, Gweek, Edgecumb, Menhay and Four Lanes.


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Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

The parish of Wendron was originally in the Helston Registration District; there were sub-districts at Breage, Crowan, Helston, St Keverne and Wendron. It is now in the Kerrier Registration District. Parishes in this registration district are: Breage, Crowan, Cury, Germoe, Gunwalloe, Grade, Helston, Landewednack, Manaccan, Mawgan in Meneage, Mullion, Ruan Major, Ruan Minor, St. Anthony in Meneage, St. Keverne, St. Martin in Meneage, Sithney, Wendron.

The address of the Registration Office is: The Willows, Church Street, Helston, TR13 8NJ.
Tel: 01326 562848.

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Description & Travel

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OPC Assistance.

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Information about the Wendron Mining Area is available on-line.

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Wendron parish was part of the Helston Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief. Overseers' Accounts (1750 to 1759, 1828 to 1832) and Settlement Papers (1765 to 1843), are available in the Cornwall Record Office.

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The parishes of Carnmenellis (1846) and Pencoys (1881) were created from parts of this parish. Population figures below exclude the Municipal Borough of Helston which was separately enumerated.

  • Population in 1801 - 3006 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 3555 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 4193 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 4780 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 5576 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 5321 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 6008 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 5788 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 4584 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 4250 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 3831 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 3693 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 3281 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 3314 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 2570 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 2490 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 2601 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 2410 persons (including 305 in Wendron and Trenear Villages)
  • Population in 1991 - 2450 persons (including 315 in Wendron and Trenear Villages)
  • Population in 2001 - 2476 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 2656 persons

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Public Records

The 1832 Voters' List for Wendron, in the 'Helleston' Polling District, is available on-line.

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The parish originally comprised 11429 acres of land.

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Voting Registers

The OPC has placed on-line the 1832 Voters' List for Wendron, in the Helleston Polling District.

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