"ASHOVER is a village, in the parish of its name, partly in the hundred of Wirksworth, but chiefly in Scarsdale hundred; 4 miles N.N.E. from Matlock, about 7 miles S. from Chesterfield, and about the like distance N.W. from Alfreton; pleasantly situate near the rivers Amber and Milntown: it is a place of considerable antiquity having had a church at the time of the conquest, and was formerly a market-town. Coal, iron-stone, mill-stone and lead are found in the parish, and the Gregory lead mine is said to have been, at one time, the richest in the kingdom, but of late years its produce has much decreased."
[Description from Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire, 1835]
The parish also included the hamelt of Alton or Aulton, about 1.5 miles southeast of Ashover and the hamlet of Kelstedge, 1 mile north of the village.
n 1767, 42 Derbyshire parishes (some would later become part of the Chesterfield Poor Law union) voluntarily formed themselves into the Ashover Union. The Union bought a large former bath-house at Ashover for use as a joint workhouse. This workhouse had 60 inmates in 1777. It appears that this building was in use up through 1900.
As a result of the 1834 Poorlaw Amendment Act reforms, this parish became a member of the Chesterfield Poorlaw Union.