"BARLOW, (or Great Barlow) a chapelry and township in the parish of Staveley, in the hundred of Scarsdale, and county of Derby, 4 miles to the N.W. of Chesterfield, its post town. Little Barlow is a hamlet of this township. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of Lichfield, of the value ofb£95, in the patronage of the Rector of Staveley. There is a small endowed free school."
The parish is mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book.
The traditional annual parish feast was held on the second Sunday in August. A "well dressing", with flowers, also takes place in August, usually on a Wednesday. The well dressing has been a tradition since 1615.