"BUXTON is a market-town and chapelry, in the parish of Bakewell, and hundred of High Peak; 160 miles from London, 24 S.E. from Manchester, the like distance W. of Chesterfield, 22 N.E. from Matlock, 20 N.E. from Wirksworth, 10 S.W. from Castleton, & 6 S. from Chapel-en-le-Frith. Antiquaries agree that this was a Roman station, although unable to ascertain its name - in later days it was called Bawkenstanes, supposed to be a corruption of Bathanstanes, signifying bath stones; and one of the Roman roads still retain the name of Bathorn-gate."
[Description from Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire, 1835]
Buxton is on the high road from Derby to Manchester, 159 miles north of the city of London. Buxton is nestled in a deep valley where the Hawkshaw Brook flows into the River Wye. The town sits in the Derbyshire High Peak area, 1,025 feet above sea level.
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