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  • The parish was in the Chesterfield sub-district of the Chesterfield Registration District.

  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:

Piece No.
1861 R.G. 9 / 2530
1891 R.G. 12 / 2763


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Calow area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • The Anglican parish church chapel is dedicated to Saint Peter.

  • The chapel was built in 1869.

  • The spire was added in 1887.

  • The chapel seats 200.

  • David BEVIS has a photograph of St. Peter's Church on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2009.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1862. For earlier records, check St. Mary's in Chesterfield.

  • We have a pop-up window of Parish Register burials in a text file for your review. Your additions are welcomed.

  • The church was in the rural deanery of Chesterfield.

  • The Congregationalists built a brick chapel here in 1837.

  • The Independents built a chapel here in 1887.

  • The Primitive Methodists built a chapel here in 1854.

Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.

  • The parish was in the Chesterfield sub-district of the Chesterfield Registration District.

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Calow which are provided by:
"CALOW, a township in the parish of Chesterfield, hundred of Scarsdale, county of Derby, 2 miles E. of Chesterfield, which is a station on the Midland railway. The inhabitants are employed in the neighbouring coal-works."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin HINSON ©2003]


Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Calow has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


  • 2/3rds of the parish land was used for pasturage.

  • Neil's Local History Site features History and photographs of Calow (he grew up there).

  • The section of Lysons' Topographical and Historical Account of Derbyshire, 1817, for Chesterfield, transcribed by Barbarann AYARS, includes a portion on Calow.

  • The White Hart Public House was a popular spot to catch up on local gossip and regional news. These are the names associated with the WHite Hart in various directories:
Year  Person;
1852 George COWLISHAW
1870 Henry CHARLTON, butcher
1891 Reuben COX
1895 Reuben COX
1912 George TAGG-


You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK408710 (Lat/Lon: 53.234459, -1.390197), Calow which are provided by:

Medical Records

  • Chesterfield Royal Hospital, near junction 29 on the M1, is part of the National Health System and is only about two decades old.

  • No patient records are available for public view.

  • George WOLFE has a photograph of Chesterfield Royal Hospital on Geo-graph, taken in May, 2006.

Military History

Names, Geographical

  • In the 1086 Domesday Book the name is rendered as 'Kalehal'.

  • This place-name is pronounced locally as 'Kay-low'.

Politics and Government

  • This place was an ancient Township in Chesterfield parish in Derby county and it was incorporated as a separate, modern Civil Parish in December, 1866.

  • This parish was in the ancient Scarsdale Hundred (or Wapentake).

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Chesterfield petty session hearings.

  • As a result of the 1834 Poorlaw Amendment Act reforms, this parish became a member of the Chesterfield Poorlaw Union.