"ECKINGTON is a populous village and township, in the parish of its name, and hundred of Scarsdale; the village is situate seven miles N.E. from Chesterfield, the like distance S.E. from Sheffield, and three N. from Staveley. The lands of this parish are chiefly appropriated to agriculture; in some of the townships scythes and sickles are manufactured in considerable quantities, and nails, in the village, but not so extensively."
[Description from Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire, 1835]
The parish covered 6,934 acres in 1857 and included the hamlets of Mosborough, Renishaw and Troway. Troway had a colliery in 1912.
The parish is bounded on the east by the river Rother, with Yorkshire to the north.