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  • BERESFORD, Charles - The Bath At War. Ashridge Press/Country Books, 2007. ISBN 978-1-901214-91-8.

  • BOWER, Alan - "The Water Cure". Derbyshire Heritage Series, 1985.
    Published by J H Hall & Sons Ltd, Siddals Road, Derby. ISBN 0 946404 55 0.

    A small, but very useful booklet containing a collection of postcards, focussing on hydropathic treatment at Hydros predominantly in Buxton and Matlock, but also has illustrations of the Hydros at Darley Dale (now St Elphin's School), Ashover, Baslow and Chesterfield. There is a brief introduction, describing the growth of the 'Water Cure' from Roman times through the Middle Ages and into the 1780's when "social life of a spa at this time was more important than the cure" through to the heady days of John Smedley, and his followers to its eventual demise with the advent of the National Health Service in 1948.

    Quoting from its back cover: "This book is primarily a picture book about the Water Cure in Derbyshire. The picture postcard holds a wealth of information about our recent past and is an invaluable aid to any Historian. The postcards used to illustrate the Cure and Hydros date from 1904 to 1920 and aim to show what the life and treatment at a Hydro was like."

  • NAYLOR, Peter - A History of the Matlocks. Landmark, 2003. ISBN not available.

  • Images of England: Matlock and Matlock Bath. Tempus Publishing Limited, 2002. ISBN 0 7524 2455 6.

  • Glynn WAITE, The Matlock Cable Tramway.


  • St Giles, Church Street DE4 3BW, Church of England


  • The parish was in the Matlock sub-district of the Bakewell Registration District.

  • Census transcripts are online at Wirksworth.Org.

  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:

Piece No.
1861 R.G. 9 / 2542
1891 R.G. 12 / 2775 & 2776


  • St Giles, Church Street DE4 3BW, Church of England

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Matlock area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Giles.

  • The original church building was founded here before 1154.

  • The church chancel was rebuilt in 1859 and the nave and aisles were rebuilt in 1871.

  • The churchyard was enlarged in 1897.

  • The church seats 640.

  • The church has a website at St Giles' of Matlock.

  • Robin STOTT has a photograph of St Giles' Church on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2011.

  • Robin STOTT also has a photograph of the church Lychgate on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2011.

  • The church of All Saints was built in Matlock Bank in 1883-84 and was consecrated in September, 1884.

  • This church seats 360.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1637.

  • The Anglican parish register for All Saints Church dates from 1886.

  • Marriages at Matlock, 1637-1812 are available in Nigel BATTY-SMITH's database of scanned images of Phillimore's Parish Registers.

  • A CD containing a transcription of The Parish Registers of St Giles' Church is available for purchase from Valerie NEAL.

  • A CD containing a transcription of The Parish Registers of Holy Trinity Church, Matlock Bath, is also available for purchase from Valerie NEAL.

  • The church was in the rural deanery of Bakewell.

  • The church is now in the Wirksworth Deanery.

  • The Primitive Methodist chapel was founded in 1838 and was rebuilt in 1856.

  • The Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in 1882.

  • The Congregationalists had a chapel at Matlock Bath before 1891.

  • The Catholic chapel at Matlock Bank was built in 1883 and dedicated to Our Lady and Saint Joseph.

  • The Primitive Methodist chapel in Matlock Bank was built in 1865.

  • The Wesleyan Methodist chapel in Matlock Bank was built in 1890.

  • The Society of Friends (Quaker) meeting house in Matlock Bank was opened around 1890.

Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.

  • The parish was in the Matlock sub-district of the Bakewell Registration District.

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Matlock which are provided by:
"MATLOCK is a village and parish, in the hundred of Wirksworth; 144 miles from London, 42 S.S.E. from Manchester, 34 N.W. from Nottingham, 18 N.W. by N. from Derby, 14 N.N.E. from Ashbourn, and rather more than 3 N. from Wirksworth. The village is most delightfully situate, partly in a valley, and partly on the side of a hill, on the eastern banks of the river Derwent, and at a short distance from the main road. It is chiefly built of stone, and at its entrance is a neat stone bridge; at some distance from which, on the verge of a most romantic rock, and upon a precipice almost perpendicular, stands the church, dedicated to St. Giles, shrouded amidst trees whose luxuriant foliage spreads over the face of the grey rock."

[Description from Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire, 1835]

The parish sits on the south-eastern edge of the Peak District, just off the A6 trunk road and includes the hamlet of Riber.

The Matlock Golf Club in Matlock Bank was established in 1907.



Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Matlock has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK300597 (Lat/Lon: 53.133603, -1.553055), Matlock which are provided by:

Military History

In 1895 there was one Volunteer Force in Matlock:

  1. K Company, 2nd Volunteer Battalion Sherwood Foresters at Matlock Bridge, Major J. R. DUDLEY, commanding; Rev. Charles M. LEACROFT, acting chaplain.

In 1912 there were two Territorial Forces in Matlock:

  1. B Squadron, Derbyshire Yeomanry, Major H. P. GRETTON commanding; Sergt.-Major A. W. TUBB, drill instructor.

  2. E Company, 6th Battalion Sherwood Foresters, Lieut. W. E. V. TOMPKINS commanding; Sergt.-Instructor John TURNER.

There are also these:

  • There is a World War I War Memorial on the north Wall of St. Giles Church.

  • Alan HEARDMAN has a photograph of the Matlock Bath War Memorial on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2007.

  • During the Second World War, Rockside Hall was used as an RAF psychiatric hospital, where mentally scarred service personnel (mostly aircrew) were rehabilitated. It was somewhat unkindly known as "Hatters Castle" by locals.

  • David BEVIS has a photograph of Rockside Hall on Geo-graph, taken in May, 2007.

Politics and Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in Derby county and it became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.

  • This parish was in the ancient Wirksworth Hundred (or Wapentake) in the western division of the county.

  • In December, 1894, Matlock Bath Civil Parish was created from a portion of this Civil Parish.

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Bastardy cases would be heard at the Town Hall petty session hearings every other Wednesday at 11am.

  • As a result of the Poorlaw Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a member of the Bakewell Poorlaw Union.

  • Almshouses were built here in 1897-98 by Miss Margaret HARRISON. They were designed for three couples and three single persons.


  • The Ernest Bailey Grammar School in Matlock was established in 1924. In the few years prior to that, pupils from the Matlock area were known to have attended the Lady Manners School, in Bakewell, following its reopening in 1896. The first Headmaster of Ernest Bailey's, E. H. CHAPMAN, had been a pupil himself at Lady Manners.