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New Mills

Archives and Libraries

Andrew CARNEGIE funded the Public Free LIbrary built in Hull Street in 1909.

By 1912 the library held 7,456 volumes.



  • The parish was in the Hayfield sub-district of the Hayfield Registration District.

  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:

Piece No.
1861 R.G. 9 / 2554 & 2555
1891 R.G. 12 / 2787


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the New Mills area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint George.

  • The church was built in the hamlet of Beard in 1831.

  • The church seats 850.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1831.

  • The church was in the rural deanery of Glossop.

  • You can find the New Mills 1841 Tithe Map at New Mills History.

  • A Catholic Church dedicated to Saint Mary was built of stone in 1843.

  • The Wesleyan Methodist chapel was erected in 1810 on St. George's road.

  • The Primitve Methodist chapel was erected in 1876 in Spring Bank.

Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.

  • The parish was in the Hayfield sub-district of the Hayfield Registration District.

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of New Mills which are provided by:
"NEW MILLS, an extensive hamlet, in the parish of Glossop, and in the High Peak hundred, is 14 miles from Manchester, 6 from Chapel-en-le-Frith, and 8 from Stockport. It is pleasantly situate on the borders of Derbyshire and Cheshire; and, within a comparatively few years, has risen to importance in the manufacturing district; cotton spinning being carried on here to a considerable extent, affording employment to numerous hands."

[Description from Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire, 1835]

The parish includes the hamlets of Beard, Ollerset, Thornset and Whistle.



Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which New Mills has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


  • The national grid reference is SJ 9987.

  • There is an 1841 Tithe Map of New Mills at the New Mills History site.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK009856 (Lat/Lon: 53.367256, -1.987944), New Mills which are provided by:

Military Records

  • For a list of the names on the New Mills War Memorial which stands in the churchyard, see the Marjorie WARD site.

Names, Geographical

  • The name of New Mills derives from the corn mills built beside the river Kinder. It was originally known as Bowden-Middle-Call, comprising several hamlets, when early in the 18th century a 'new mill' was erected on the River Kinder for the use of the inhabitants in grinding corn, and the name of 'New Mills' was born.

    Later in the 18th century, the Lancashire Cotton Industry found the conditions at New Mills ideal for cotton production, resulting in increased prosperity for the district. However around this time also, Milford in South Derbyshire was known briefly as 'New Mills' as well.

    The name 'New Mills Road' appears on a map of Duffield as it was in the Year 1787, and also the indentures of Samuel Slater, Jedidiah Stutt's apprentice, who founded the American cotton spinning industry. A copy of Slater's Indentures is on display at The Arkwright Mill in Cromford, the wording of which suggests he was living at "New Mills" which it has been suggested was an attempt to give Milford a new name.

    So researchers might like to bear in mind, if they find reference to their ancestors at New Mills in Derbyshire dated around the 1780s, that there is just a slight possibility it may not refer to the New Mills in North Derbyshire. This has certainly happened in the past, as a number of older textbooks suggest Samuel Slater was from New Mills in Cheshire.

    [Information on 'New Mills' kindly provided by Jed BLAND - see his website Old Duffield

Politics and Government

  • This Township was originally in Cheshire and was re-assigned to Derbyshire in 1844.

  • This place was an ancient Township in Glossop parish in Derby county and it was incorporated as a separate, modern Civil Parish in December, 1866.

  • This parish was in the ancient High Peak Hundred (or Wapentake).

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Chape-en-le-Frith petty session hearings once each month.

  • The parish had six almshouses near Spring Bank and could house 11 poor and aged persons

  • With the passage of the Poor Law Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a member of the Hayfield Poorlaw Union.