"NORTH WINGFIELD, a parish in the hundred of Scarsdale, county Derby, 4 miles S.E, of Chesterfield. It is situated on the river Rother, and the Roman Icknield Street near the line of the North Midland railway, which has a station at Clay Cross, where it is carried through a tunnel 1,760 yards long, 22 feet wide, and 26 high. The expense of constructing this tunnel is said to have been £100 per yard, or £176,000. The parish comprises 7,603 acres, and has increased in population from 3,144 in 1841 to 7,339 in 1861, or more than double in 20 years."
[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin HINSON ©2003]
The parish included the townships of Williamsthorpe, Clay Lane, Pilsley, Stretton, Tupton and Woodthorpe. Pilsley became a separate parish, and Clay Lane, Stretton and Woodthorpe later formed Clay Cross parish.
Andrew HILL has a photograph of the village sign on Geo-graph, taken in May, 2011.