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Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Elizabeth's racketeer

New York: Harper & Brothers (1932), illus., maps, portraits, vii, 204 pp.

by

Donald Barr Chidsey

Prepared by Michael Steer

 

Sir Humphrey Gilbert (c. 1539-1583) was a half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh (they had the same mother, Catherine Champernowne), and cousin of Sir Richard Grenville. Adventurer, explorer, Member of Parliament, and soldier, he served during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and was a pioneer of the English colonial empire in North America and the Plantations of Ireland. Gilbert is said to have believed that America was the lost continent of Atlantis. He was determined to find a sea route through the northern waters of North America. On September 23, 1578, he sailed from England, but was attacked by Spaniards and returned to England. He successfully sailed again on June 11, 1583, with five ships. One ship had to return because of leaks, but the others eventually made it to North America. He landed in Newfoundland on July 30, 1583, and then sailed to St. John's. Gilbert claimed the area for Queen Elizabeth I of England, and started a colony. After two weeks in his new colony, he left it to explore the area around Nova Scotia. He died on this expedition when his boat, the "Squirrel," sank near the Azore Islands on September 9, 1583 (he was returning to England). This rare and much sought-after book was produced digitally by Google from a copy in the University of Wisconsin Library collection and can be downloaded from HathiTrust. Google has sponsored the digitisation of books from several libraries. These books, on which copyright has expired, are available for free educational and research use, both as individual books and as full collections to aid researchers.
Bibliography, p. 196
General Index, p. 199
  Page
A  
Addleshaw, Mr Percy 152
Ager, Anne 51
Ager, Sir Anthony 51
Ager, William 155
Alba, Duke of 75
Albertus 90
Alexander VI, Pope 27
Alfred, King 88
Allen, Cardinal 150
Amundsen, Roald 87
Andrews, William 182-3
Appianus 88
Aristotle 88
Ascham, Roger 95
Ashley, Katherine 11
Ashley, William 11
B  
Bacon, Francis 95, 111
Bacon, Sir Nicholas 95
Baffin 87
Barbarossa, Frederick 89
Barros, John 89
Benson, Mr E F 140
Boleyn, Anne 11
Borgia, Rodriguez 27
Borough, Stephen 27
Bourbon family 22
Browne, Maurice 172, 182, 186
Brummel, Beau 146
Burghly, Lord 60-1, 74-5, 88, 95, 155
Butler, Sir Edward 46
Butler family 37, 143
Butler, M 170
Butler, Earl Thomas 143
Button 87
Bylot 87
C  
Cabot, John 27, 176-7
Cabot, Sebastian 29, 40, 89
Carew, George 125
Carew, George of Okington 125
Carew, Sir Peter 9, 41, 45-6
Carlyle, Mr 82, 159
Cartier, Jacques 89
Castiglioni, Baldassare 95
Cecil, Sir William 42, 48-50. 60
Champernoun, Sir Arthur 9, 41-2
Champernoun, Charles 125
Champernoun family 26
Champernoun, Gabrielle 26
Champernoun, Gawen 26
Champernoun, Katherine 3, 10
Champernoun, Sir Philip 3
Chancellor 27, 42
Charles V, Emperor 7, 63
Chartres, Vidame de 29
Chaucer, Geoffrey 86, 97
Churchyard, Thomas 52
Clarke, Richard 184, 186-7
Collinson 87
Columbus, Christopher 2, 26, 80, 91, 192
Coronado 89
Cortez 122
Courtenay 9
Cox, William 184, 189-90, 192
Crantor 88
Crofts, Sir James 9
Cunningham, William 28
D  
Daniel the Saxon 181, 186, 188, 192
Davis. Robert 87, 170
Dee, Dr John 78-9, 149
Demongenitus, Franciscus 88
Denny, Richard 125-6, 128
Desmond, Earl of 144
Domara 28
Don Carlos 20
Drake family 26
Drake, Sir Francis 81, 84, 129, 137-43, 145, 148, 162
E  
Eden, Richard 28-9
Edward VI 6-8, 20-1
Elizabeth I 6-7, 9-24, 28, 30-4, 36-42, 44, 46, 50, 55-61, 63, 67-70, 74, 76-9, 81-4, 86, 93, 95-8, 100-1, 111, 113, 115, 117-8, 123-4, 129, 131, 135, 138-9, 142, 145-7, 150-1, 153, 155-7, 160-1, 163, 174-5, 179, 193
Essex, Earl of 145
F  
Fernandez, Simon 78, 125, 131, 133
Ficinus, Marcilius 88
FitzGerald family 37
FitzMaurice, James 45, 51, 137
Fortescue family 26
Fox 87
Fracastorius, Hieronymus 89
France, Charles IX, King of 64, 70
Frisius, Gemma 88
Frobisher, Sir Martin 52, 78, 85-7, 101, 103-9, 133, 192
Fugger 8
Fulton 2
G  
Gardiner, Bishop 14
Gascoigne, George 63, 86
Gascoigne, Sir John 86
Gastaldus 88
Gerrard, Sir Thomas 149-51
Gilbert, Adrian 3-4, 125
Gilbert, Anne Ager 51, 128
Gilbert, Anthony 55
Gilbert, Arthur 55
Gilbert family 2, 6, 8, 26, 55
Gilbert, Sir Humphrey throughout
Gilbert, Humphrey jnr 55
Gilbert, Sir John 3-4, 32-3, 51, 125, 155
Gilbert, John Jnr 55
Gilbert, Lady Katherine 3
Gilbert, Katherine jnr 3
Gilbert, Otho 55
Gilbert, Sir Otho 3-4, 6, 21
Gilbert, Otis 3-4
Gilbert, Raleigh 55
Gomara, de 89
Gorges family 26
Gosling, Mr 189
Gower 86
Gray, Lady Jane (Grey) 7
Grenville family 26
Grenville, Sir Richard 41, 82
Grey, Lord 143
Guise, Duke of 69
Guise family 23
Guyccardinus 88
H  
Hakluyt, Richard 27, 78, 128, 132, 154, 158, 163, 165-6, 175, 180, 184
Haies, Edward 134, 161-2, 165, 169-70, 172-4, 178-85, 188, 190, 192, 194
Hall 87
Hall, Captain C F, USN 109
Hatton, Christopher 155
Hawkins, Sir John 82
Hawkins, Sir William 27, 56, 125
Hawkridge 87
Headly, Edward 187
Henry VII 80
Henry VIII 6, 11, 14-5, 20, 103
Hobey, Sir Thomas 95
Hooker, John 25, 133
Horsey, Sir Edward 125
Howard, Lord Charles 161
Hudson 87
Hunter 88
J  
James 87
Jenkinson, Anthony 27, 42, 78-9, 89-91
K  
Knight 87
Knollys, Henry 125-6, 128, 130-2, 161
L  
Leicester, Earl of 42, 60-1, 65, 86, 145, 155
Lincoln, Lord High Admiral 80
Lock, Michael 105, 109
Locke, John 27
M  
Maffaei 28
Magellan 29, 140
Martyr, Peter 28, 88
Mary, Queen 6-8, 12-3, 15-21, 23, 67, 79
McClure 87
McFee, William 104
Meadley, William 60-1, 97
Medici, Catherine de 70
Mela 26
Mendoza, Bernardino de 123-5, 128, 130, 133-6, 148, 155
Menendez, Pedro 152-3
Mercator 28
Merriman, R B 151
Michieli, Ambassador 12
Mondragon, General 76
Montgomerie, Count de 26
Montgomerie, Gabrielle de 26
Montmorency 22
Morgan, Miles 126, 131-4
Morgan, Thomas 67-8, 72-3, 76
Mountjoy, Lady 61
Muenster, Sabastian 28, 88
N  
Nassau, Count Louis 64-5
Nepos, Cornelius 89
Nowel, M 88
Nunnius, Aluara 89
O  
Ochther 88
O'Neill, Shan 34-6, 38
Orange, Prince of 64, 76, 99, 115
Ormonde, Earl of 143
Ortelius 78, 88
Oviedo 28
Oxenham, John 138
P  
Pacheco, Pedro 73
Parmenius, Stephen 162-3, 175, 180-1, 186
Paul, John 189
Peckham, Sir George 82, 125, 149-51, 155, 170, 180
Penkewell, Philip 4
Perreira 2
Philo 88
Pickman, Mr (also Pykman) 74
Pigabetta 29
Pius V, Pope 150
Pizarro 122
Plato 88
Plimsoll 137
Pliny 26, 89
Pollard 13
Proclus 88
Ptolemy 26
Puteanus, Bernard 88
R  
Raleigh, Carew 125, 131
Raleigh, George 3
Raleigh, Katherine 3
Raleigh, Walter 4, 9
Raleigh, Sir Walter 3, 87, 101-2, 111, 125, 131, 133, 142-7, 153, 159-64, 169-70
Randolph, Colonel Edward 38-9
Reniger, Robert 27
Reux, Count de 72
Ribault, Jean 29, 152
S  
Savoy, Emmanuel Philibert of 20
Schetz 8
Scott, Sir Walter 86
Siculus, Marinǣus 88
Sidney, Sir Henry 37-8, 42, 44, 50, 85, 155
Sidney, Sir Philip 38, 149, 152
Smyth, Sir Thomas 60-1
Somerset, Protector 6
Spain, King Ferdinand of 80
Spain, Queen Isabella of 80
Spain, King Philip of 7-8, 12-3, 15-7, 20-1, 63, 77, 114-5, 117-8, 124, 130, 135, 137-9, 148, 151-4
St Leger, Warham 41
Strabo 26, 88
Stukeley, Thomas 83
Sussex, Earl of 37-8, 155
T  
Thevitt, Andrew 29
Tomson, Robert 27
Towerson, William 27
Tramasinus, Michael 88
Tramontanus 88
t'Zaareets 71-3, 76
V  
Vauasor, Andreas 88
Venetus, Paulus 89
Villagagnon 29
W  
Waad, Armagil 27
Walsingham, Sir Francis 42, 61, 64-6, 82, 126, 143, 148, 151, 153, 155-7, 159
Ward, Captain John 44
Warwick, Countess of 109
Warwick, Dudley Earl of 6, 23-4, 85, 155
Waymouth 87
Wentworth, Peter 56
William I 3
Williams, Sir Roger 72-3
Willoughby, Sir Hugh 27, 42, 79, 91
Winter, Sir William 109, 182
Wright brothers 2
Wyatt, Sir Hugh 9, 12, 15
Z  
Zieglerus, Jacobus 90