"Heworth Village is situated at the junction of the Sunderland and South Shields Roads, three miles east from Gateshead. With the exception of a terrace recently built at the north-east end, the village has changed but little during the past thirty years. Heworth Shore lies on the riverside, and Heworth Lane is a little to the north of Heworth. Both places present a most dilapidated appearance, owing to the buildings formerly used as chemical manufactories having fallen into complete ruin, and to the unsightly mountains of "tank."
High Heworth is a village principally inhabited by miners, and is situated on the hill-side, about three-quarters of a mile to the south-west of Heworth, and near to Windy Nook.
"Bill Quay is a populous and rapidly improving village on the south bank of the Tyne, which here rises abruptly from the river. It is supposed to have derived its name from Bill Point, formerly a prominent projection from the north bank, which has now disappeared, having been cut away for the improvement of the river. It was at Bill Quay the chemical industry was first established in this county, at which time soda crystal and mineral alkali were produced from common salt. This industry, as well as other chemical processes, was successfully carried on for many years, but of late, the trade has greatly declined. In its stead has been established a large iron shipbuilding works, which, when in full operation, employs a considerable number of men.
"The present aspect of this neighbourhood compares but ill with the pleasant scene it presented before and even for some years after the establishment of the destructive alkali works. Its now somewhat bleak and uninteresting slopes were clad in nature's varied tints, and through the deep fern-grown denes, shaded by spreading trees, the sparkling streamlets flowed to join the coaly Tyne.
"To the west of the village there is a deep disused quarry, which, according to tradition, supplied the stone for the walls of Newcastle. Bill Quay is distant four miles east from Newcastle, and one and a half south-west from Hebburn, and from its elevated position above the Tyne a most interesting view is obtained of that busy river.
"Pelaw Main is a scattered village, lying on the river side, and contains many wooden dwellings; it is partly in this parish and partly in that of Hebburn.
"The village of Wardley is situated on the north side of the Sunderland Road, half-a-mile north-west of White-mere-pool, and about a mile and a half east of Heworth village. It is entirely inhabited by miners engaged at the colliery. There is a neat Primitive Methodist chapel here, built of brick, with stone dressings, erected in 1884, also a good Board school, which was built in 1878, to accommodate 180 infants."
[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan, London, 1894]