[Transcribed and edited information from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868]
"BUCKDEN, a parish in the hundred of Toseland, in the county of Huntingdon, 5 miles to the north of St. Neot's. Huntingdon is its post town. It is on the west side of the river Ouse, not far from Offord station on the Great Northern railway, and includes the hamlet of Stirtloe. The manor was held in the reign of Henry I. by the abbot of Ely, who granted it to the bishops of Lincoln. The ancient palace of the bishops, a brick edifice partly surrounded by a moat, stands in the centre of the village. It is related of Bishop Barlow (1675) that he never visited Lincoln, but from his constant residence here acquired the title of Bishop of Buckden. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of Ely, of the value of £254, in the patronage of the Bishop of Peterborough. The church, a handsome structure with a spire, is dedicated to St. Mary, and contains monuments to several of the bishops of Lincoln. The Wesleyans and Primitive Methodists have chapels in the village. The charitable endowments, consisting partly of bequests for education, produce about £170 per annum. There are several almshouses."
"STIRTLOE, (or Sturtlow), a hamlet in the parish of Buckden, county Hunts, 4 miles south-west of Huntingdon, near the river Ouse.
Monumental Inscriptions from the Buckden (St Mary) Parish Churchyard (fiche set M7, consisting of approximately 96 entries), and those of Buckden Municipal Cemetery in Lucks Lane (fiche set M-27 consisting of 582 entries) are both available from the Huntingdonshire FHS.
The full 1841 Census of Buckden Parish is available as fiche set C86.
The full 1851 Census of Buckden Parish is available as fiche set C36.
The full 1891 Census of Buckden Parish si available as fiche set C13.
A surname index of the 1881 Census of the St. Neots Registration District, in which Buckden was enumerated (RG11/1611, Folios 4a - 31a), and which took place on 3rd April 1881, is available as fiche set C5.
The church of St Mary consists of a chancel with a modern organ chamber, and vestry on the north, nave, north aisle, south aisle, west tower and south porch. The walls are of rubble with stone dressing, and the roofs are covered in lead.
Although mentioned in the Domesday survey of 1086, nothing of this date remains; the earliest existing portions being the south doorway of the nave (which is early 13th cent.) and parts of the chancel wall which date from the latter part of the same century. Apparently early in the 15th cent. it was contemplated to rebuild the whole church, widening it towards the north. The east wall of the church was rebuilt to suit the proposed wider church, but evidently the scheme was changed and the earlier north and south walls were retained, but the upper part was rebuilt and new windows formed. Meanwhile the south arcade, south aisle and west towers were built, the latter with its axis to suit the widened church. The north arcade, however, which evidently followed a year or two later, was rebuilt on its former line. The rebuilding of the north aisle, no doubt, followed the completion of the north arcade.
Considerable repairs to the roofs took place in 1649 and 1665, and large buttresses were added on the north side in the 18th cent. The church was restored in 1840, 1860 and 1884 when the present vestry and organ chamber were built, and again in 1909 when the seating was renewed and the font removed to the tower.
The Huntingdonshire Marriage Indexes include marriages from this parish. These are, at present, issued in alphabetical listings in series: 1601-1700, and 1701-1754, and are available from the Huntingdonshire FHS Bookstall.
Buckden was in the Registration District of St. Neots from 1st July 1837 until 31 March 1997, when that district was disbanded. Since 1st April 1997, it has been in the Huntingdon Registration District.