"BUCKDEN lies on the road from Huntingdon (which is 4 miles to the north-east) to St Neots (south-east) i.e. the London or Great North Road which, for some distance, forms its northern boundary. The modern A1 dual carriageway also runs through the parish and close to the village. It is bounded oin the east by the River Ouse, a bridge over which connects it with Offord Cluney.
The parish lies somewhat low, the ground near the Ouse being liable to floods, and the higher ground in the west reaching a level of not more than 150 ft. The land is arable; the soil being clay and gravel and the sub-soil Oxford clay.
The village lies in the middle of the parish on the Huntingdon Road (here called the High street). The parish church and Buckden Palace, formerly the seat of the Bishops of Lincoln, stand at the west end of Church Street. It is not known how early the bishops had a residence at Buckden, but the fact that the manor was held in demesne in 1066 suggests that it was then already a residence of a bishop."