Open a form to report problems or contribute information

 
1 Introduction 2 Message details 3 Upload file 4 Submitted

Help and advice for Great Paxton

If you have found a problem on this page then please report it on the following form. We will then do our best to fix it. If you are wanting advice then the best place to ask is on the area's specific email lists. All the information that we have is in the web pages, so please do not ask us to supply something that is not there. We are not able to offer a research service.

If you wish to report a problem, or contribute information, then do use the following form to tell us about it.

We are in the process of upgrading the site to implement a content management system.

Great Paxton

[Transcribed and edited information from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868]

"GREAT PAXTON, a parish in the hundred of Toseland, county Huntingdon, 3 miles north-east of St. Neot's, its post town. The village, which is of small extent, is situated on the main road to Godmanchester, and is wholly agricultural. The soil consists of clay and gravel. The surface is hilly between the village and St. Neot's. The meadows are subject to inundation from the river Ouse, which separates this parish on the west from that of Little Paxton. The tithes were commuted for land and a money payment under an Enclosure Act in 1811. The glebe comprises 97 acres in this parish, and 60 in Little Paxton. The living is a vicarage* with the curacies of Little Paxton and Toseland annexed, in the diocese of Ely, value £231, in the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln. The church, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, is an ancient structure containing sedilia and piscina. The parochial charities produce about £8 per annum. There is a Sunday-school. The Wesleyans have a place of worship.

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2013

Cemeteries

  • Monumental Inscriptions from the Parish Churchyard (1756 to 1997) are available, as fiche set M32, from the Huntingdonshire FHS.

Census

  • Census information for this parish (1841 - 1891) is held in the Huntingdon Records Office.
  • The full 1841 Census of Great Paxton Parish is available as fiche set C107.
  • The full 1851 Census of Great Paxton Parish is available as fiche set C57.
  • The full 1891 Census of Great Paxton Parish is available as fiche set C13.
  • A surname index of the 1881 Census of the St. Neots Registration District, in which Great Paxton was enumerated (RG11/1611, Folios 46a - 51b), and which took place on 3rd April 1881, is available as fiche set C5.
  • The above mentioned fiche are available from the Huntingdonshire FHS.

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Great Paxton area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • OS Grid Square TL 210642.
  • Acknowledgement is gven to the work of Philip G M Dickinson F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S. in adding to the history of Great Paxton and its church.
  • The Minster church of Great Paxton is one of the most interesting and remarkable of the larger late Saxon churches remaining in England, but is comparitavely unknown because it has not received the publicity that other Saxon churches have. Until recently, its true status was unknown, but research undertaken for a visit of the Royal Archaelogical Instititute in 1967 clearly established that it belonged to a Minster founded late in the pre-conquest era.
  • The ecclesiastical organisation of 1000 years ago was very differerent from that of today; then there were no parishes as we now recognise them. The conversion of England to christianity for a long time was based on missionary activity which, at a later period, came under the control of certain 'central' churches to which the name 'Minster' was given. The church at Great Paxton was one of these Minster churches, and is dedicated to the Holy Trinity.
  • The church building consists of a chancel, nave, north aisle, south aisle, west tower, a modern vestry at the west end of the north aisle, and a south porch. The walls are of rubble with stone dressings, and the roofs are covered with tiles, slates and lead.
  • The church is mentioned in the Domesday survey of 1086, and of this building the piers of a central tower and two and a half bays of the north and south arcades still remain. Originally the nave must have had four bays as evidenced by the position of the porch, and these probably remained until the west tower was built. Meanwhile, the chancel had been rebuilt towards the end of the 13th century, and some 50 years later a south porch was built.
  • Late in the 14th century much reconstruction took place. the western bays of the nave were taken down and a sturdy tower built in their place. The central tower (recording the Minster status) probably disappeared at this time, and certainly the east and south arches of the crossing were reformed. In the following century, both aisles were rebuilt, buttresses were added to the chancel and a new east window inserted; somewhat later still, new side windows were put in.
  • The church was completely restored in 1880, when the vestry was added.
  • Excavations in August 1971 unexpecedly found the original Saxon foundations to be intact and standing to a height of three feet.

Church Records

  • These are available in the Huntingdon Records Office.
    • Baptisms: 1583-1662 (indexed transcription), 1589-1598 (original register which was subsequently used for parish officers' accounts), 1583-1702 (including transcriptions from parish officers' accounts), 1702/3-1807, 1807-1812, 1813-1887.
    • Banns: c1754?-1767, 1823-1884.
    • Marriages: 1589-1598 (including transcriptions from parish officers' accounts), 1583-1702, (Toseland 1674-1706 are included), 1703-1753, 1754-1812, 1814-1837, 1838-1901, 1902-1934, 1934-1938, 1939-1972.
    • Burials: 1589-1598 (including transcriptions from parish officers' accounts), 1583-1701/2, (Toseland 1674-1706 are included), 1702-1807, 1807-1812.
    • Bishop's Transcripts: 1604-5, 1608, 1610, 1612, 1617-19, 1625, 1627, 1629, 1661-73/1675, 1677-87, 1690-6, 1698-1702, 1704-16, 1718, 1720, 1722-51, 1753-5, 1757-66, 1768-94, 1796-1812/1813-14, 1816-24/1825-1842, 1844-57. BT entries for Toseland parish are included in the above: 1751, 1753, 1755, 1757-64.
  • The Huntingdonshire Marriage Indexes include marriages from this parish. These are, at present, issued in alphabetical listings in series: 1601-1700, and 1701-1754, and are available from the Huntingdonshire FHS.

Civil Registration

  • Great Paxton was originally in the St. Neots Registration District from 1st July 1837, which later became a sub-District. From 1st April 1997, it is now directly under the Huntingdon District.

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Great Paxton which are provided by:

Gazetteers

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Great Paxton has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Great Paxton to another place.

Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference TL211639 (Lat/Lon: 52.259907, -0.227078), Great Paxton which are provided by:

Military History

  • The war memorial with detailed information about those who fell is available on the Roll of Honour site for Huntingdonshire.

Names, Geographical

  • Parchestune,
  • Pachstone (xi cent.),
  • Pacstonia,
  • Paxton (xii cent.),
  • Magna Paxton,
  • Much Paxton (xvi cent.).

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • The parish of Great Paxton was part of the St Neots Union (for Poor Law administration).
  • Births and Deaths registered in the St Neots Union Workhouse (1913 - 1952) are available from the Huntingdonshire FHS Bookstall.

Population

  • Population in 1801 - 217.
  • Population in 1851 - 410.
  • Population in 1901 - 244.
  • Population in 1951 - 362.
  • Population in 1971 - 356.
  • Population in 1991 - 855.