[Transcribed and edited information from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868]
"SOUTHOE, a parish in the hundred of Toseland, county Huntingdon, 7 miles south-west of Huntingdon, its post town, and 3 north-west of St. Neot's. It is situated near the river Ouse, on the Great North-road from London to York. The inhabitants are chiefly engaged in agriculture. Southoe was formerly held by the Lovetots, John of Gaunt, and the Pickerings. The living is a vicarage with that of Hail Weston annexed, in the diocese of Ely, value £288. The church, dedicated to St. Leonard, is an ancient structure with a square embattled tower containing a clock and four bells. The parochial charities produce about £2 per annum. There is a National school for both sexes. R. W. Standley, Esq., is lord of the manor."
The full 1841 Census of Southoe Parish is available as fiche set C108.
The full 1851 Census of Southoe Parish is available as fiche set C58.
The full 1891 Census of Southoe Parish is available as fiche set C13.
A surname index of the 1881 Census of the St. Neots Registration District, in which Southoe was enumerated (RG11/1611, Folios 89a - 89b and 99b-104b), and which took place on 3rd April 1881, is available as fiche set C5.
The church of St. Leonard consists of a chancel, nave, north aisle, south aisle, tower at the north-west corner and a south porch. The walls are of pebble rubble, except for the tower and clearstory which are of red brick; all have stone dressings. The north aisle is of ashlar, and the roofs are of slate and lead.
The church is not mentioned in the Domesday survey of 1086 but, in about 1160, a stone church was built here, of which the greater part of the chancel with the chancel arch remains, and the south doorway which has been reset in the wall of the south aisle. In the 13th century, the chancel was lengthened, the nave rebuilt with a south arcade and a south aisle. In about 1500, the north arcade and aisle were added, the south aisle largely rebuilt and the clearstory and porch added.
Towards the end of the 16th century, the tower was built on the site of the western bay of the north aisle. The church was restored in 1859 when the south-west corner of the chancel, the clearstory, the east respond of the south arcade, the east window of the south aisle, the west window of the nave and the porch were rebuilt, and the whole of the roofs, which were mean and modern, were renewed.
The Huntingdonshire Marriage Indexes include marriages from this parish. These are, at present, issued in alphabetical listings in series: 1601-1700, and 1701-1754, and are available from the Huntingdonshire FHS.