"STILTON, a parish in the hundred of Norman-Cross, county Huntingdon, 6 miles south-west of Peterborough, its post town, and 8 south-east of Oundle. The village is situated on the Roman way Ermine Street, and gives name to the celebrated Stilton cheese, which was originally made in Leicester by Mrs. Paulet, of Melton Mowbray, but Was first sold here at the "Bell Inn" by Cooper Thornhill. It is chiefly made in the county of Leicestershire, though Stilton produces a small quantity. The land is chiefly in pasture, and a portion of it is fenny. In the vicinity are traces of a Roman encampment. Stilton prior to the formation of railways was of more importance than at present, being a great thoroughfare for coaches. It is a polling place for the county, and was once a market town. The living is a rectory* in the diocese of Ely, value £400, in the patronage of the bishop. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, or to St. James, is an ancient structure with a square tower. The parochial charities produce about £23 per annum. There is a National school for both sexes, and a Wesleyan chapel. The Rev. W. Strong is lord of the manor."