EDWARD SOUTHWEL, baron Clifford of Appleby, baron Westmorland and baron Vesci.
This nobleman was born 20 June 1768, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 1 November 1777.
The family of Clifford is descended from William, younger son of Richard fourth duke of Normandy, who came over to England with his nephew William the conqueror. Walter, son of William, assumed the surname of Clifford from the castle of Clifford in the county of Hereford, and had issue,
Robert, son of Roger, had summons to parliament by the title of baron Clifford of Appleby in the reign of king Edward the first, and was constituted by king Edward the second in the year 1307 earl marshal of England. He was killed in the battle of Bannockburn 25 June 1304, having issue Roger, second lord Clifford, who was one of the nobles that were beheaded with Thomas earl of Lancaster, grandson of king Henry the third, 23 March 1322.
Roger, fifth lord Clifford, great grandson of Robert was a nobleman of gallantry and merit, and had issue,
John, ninth lord Clifford, was one of the principal leaders of the party of the house of Lancaster, and for his cruelty and inhumanity obtained the surname of the Butcher. He stabbed in cold blood, after the defeat of the Yorkists in the battle of Wakefield 24 December 1460, Edmund earl of Rutland, next brother to king Edward the fourth, who was at that time seventeen years of age, in pretended revenge of the death of his father. This nobleman married Margaret, daughter and heiress of Henry Bromflete baron Bromflete and baron Vesci; in consequence of which marriage the title of Vesci descended to the family of Clifford. He was killed at the battle of Towton 29 March 1461 in the twenty-sixth year of his age.
Henry, eleventh lord Clifford, his grandson was created by king Henry the eighth 18 June 1523 earl of the county of Cumberland, and had issue
George, third earl of Cumberland, son of Henry second earl, had issue
Upon the death of Henry sixth earl of Cumberland, grandson of Francis fourth earl, brother of George third earl, 4 February 1643, the title of Cumberland became extinct; and Richard Boyle, second earl of Cork of the kingdom of Ireland, afterwards created earl of Burlington in the county of York, who married Elizabeth his daughter and heiress, was by king Charles the first 1644 created in her right baron Clifford of Lanesborough in the county of York. This title became extinct in the year 1753.
Thomas, sixth earl of Thanet, grandson of Richard third earl of Dorset and of Anne Clifford, was admitted 12 December 1691 to the titles of baron Clifford, Westmorland and Vesci, and had issue,
The family of Southwel has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the third; and John Southwel in the reign of king Henry the sixth had issue,
Sir Robert, third in descent from Richard, was appointed by king Charles the second to various foreign embassies, and by king William the third was constituted principal secretary of state for the kingdom of Ireland. He was five times elected president of the royal society, and died 11 September 1702. Edward, his son, succeeded him in the office of principal secretary of state for the kingdom of Ireland, and had issue
Edward, the issue of this marriage, received summons to parliament in right of his mother -- May 1776 by the titles of baron Clifford, Westmorland and Vesci. He married Sophia, daughter of Samuel Campbel of Mount Campbel in the county of Leitrim in the kingdom of Ireland esquire; by which lady he had issue,
THOMAS STAPLETON, baron Le Despencer and a baronet; doctor of laws.
This nobleman was born 10 November 1766, and succeeded to the baronetage upon the death of his father 1 January 1781, and to the barony 16 May 1788.
The family of Stapleton is in the list of those persons who passed over to Ireland with Richard de Clare earl of Pembroke, surnamed Strongbow, in the reign of king Henry the second. John Edmund Stapleton of Thorlesbeg in the county of Tipperary, lost his estate by adhering to king Charles the first in the civil wars. William his grandson, followed king Charles the second in his exile, and was soon after the restoration appointed captain general of the Leeward Islands in the West Indies. He was by that monarch created a baronet 20 December 1679, and died -- August 1686.
William, fourth baronet, his grandson, married Catherine, daughter and heiress of William Paul of Braywic in the county of Berks esquire, and of Catherine, daughter of Vere fifth earl of Westmorland; in consequence of which marriage the barony of Le Despencer has at length devolved upon the family of Stapleton.
Thomas, fifth baronet, his son, married 27 November 1765 Mary, daughter of Henry younger brother of Thomas eighth earl of Westmorland; by which lady he had issue,
The barony of Le Despencer was originally bestowed upon Hugh Le Despencer the father, the favourite of king Edward the second, and after- wards descended in the female line to the Beauchamps lords Bergavenny, the Neviles lords Abergavenny, and the Fanes earls of Westmorland. Vere, fourth earl of Westmorland, had issue beside three sons, successively earls of Westmorland,
GEORGE THICKNESSE TOUCHET, baron Audley of Heleigh Castle.
This nobleman was born 4 February 1758, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his uncle 22 April 1777. He assumed the name of Touchet in right of his maternal ancestors 3 April 1784.
Lord Audley married 19 May 1781 Elizabeth, daughter of John Hussey Delaval lord Delaval; by which lady, who died 11 July 1785, He has issue,
The family of Touchet is in the lift of those persons who came over to England with William the conqueror. William Touchet, in the reign of king Edward the first, had summons to parliament in the year 1299 by the title of lord Touchet of Lewenhales. William, his son, took part with the rebellious barons against king Edward the second, and was beheaded, together with Thomas earl of Lancaster, grandson of king Henry the third, 23 March 1322. Robert, the descendant of another branch, who also bore the style of the earl of Lancaster, but afterwards went over to king Edward the second. John, grandson of Robert, distinguished himself in the wars carried on by king Edward the third for the crown of France, and was killed in the battle of Rochelle 22 June 1370, in which the earl of Pembroke and his whole fleet were captured by the Spaniards. He married Joan, daughter of James Audley lord Audley of Heleigh, in whose right the title of Audley descended to the family of Touchet.
James, second lord Audley of the family of Touchet, served under king Henry the fifth in his wars for the crown of France; and adhering to the house of Lancaster in the contest of the two roses, commanded the royal army at the battle of Blore Heath, where he was defeated and slain 23 September 1459. He had issue,
John, third lord Audley, was taken prisoner in the year 1460; upon which occasion he became reconciled to the party of the house of York, and had a principal command in an expedition into the duchy of Bretagne, in which they reduced the town of Conquet and the isle of Rhe. He was constituted by king Richard the third in the year 1484 lord high treasurer of England, and died 26 September 1491.
James, fourth lord Audley, his son, put himself at the head of the Cornish rebels in the reign of king Henry the seventh, and, being taken prisoner at the battle of Blackheath, was beheaded 28 June 1597.
George, eighth lord Audley, fourth in descent from James, distinguished himself in the wars of the Netherlands, and was wounded at the battle of Kinsale in the kingdom of Ireland 24 December 1601. By king James the first he was created 6 September 1617 baron Orier and earl of Castlehaven of the kingdom of Ireland. Mervin, second earl of Castlehaven, his son, was tried for abetting a rape upon the person of his wife, and beheaded 14 May 1631. He had issue,
James, sixth earl of Castlehaven, grandson of Mervin, married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Henry fifth lord Arundel of Wardour; by which lady, who died -- July 1743, he had issue,
CHARLOTTE MURRAY, baroness Strange of Knockyn, and lady of Man and the Isles.
This lady succeeded to the title upon the death of her father 8 January 1764.
Baroness Strange married John, third duke of Athol of the kingdom of Scotland.
The barony of Strange has descended to its present possessor from the family of Strange, which is said to have derived its origin from Guy de Strange, younger son of the duke of Bretagne, who came over to England in the reign of king Henry the second. He is supposed to have had issue,
John, son of John, adhered to king Henry the third in his wars against the rebellious barons ; and John, his son, took part with the barons who extorted Magna Charta from king John. John, his son, had summons to parliament in the reign of king Edward the first by the title of baron Strange of Knockyn. He had issue,
John, lord Strange of Knockyn, fourth in descent from John second lord, had issue
ELIZABETH SOMERSET, baroness Bottetourt of Weley Castle.
This lady was born, and succeeded to the title upon the death of her brother 1776.
Baroness Bottetourt married Charles Noel fourth duke of Beaufort. The barony of Bottetourt has descended to its present possessor from the family of Bottetourt, which has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the second. John de Bottetourt was created by king Edward the second in the year 1307 baron Bottetourt of Weley Castle. He was one of the confederates with the earls of Lancaster and Warwick, who seized upon the person of Gaveston the king's favourite, contrary to the faith of his capitulation, and struck off his head 1 July 1312. John, second lord Bottetourt, his grandson, had
Maurice, the descendant of this marriage, had issue,
Charles, son of Maurice, had issue,
John Sims Berkeley, the lineal representative of Maurice Berkeley and Catherine his wife, had issue,
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